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buddhism vocab

wc quiz

QuestionAnswer
Anatta one of the 3ME – doctrine denying a permanent self
Anicca one of the 3ME – doctrine that all existent things are constantly changing
Arhat one who has become enlightened – ideal for Theravada Buddhism
Buddha Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insight attained perfect enlightenment
Dharma teachings of Buddha and one of the three Jewels of Buddhism
Dukkha first of the 4 Noble truths – basic Buddhist insight that suffering is part of the human condition
Five precepts basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists
Four noble truths central teachings – to live is to suffer, suffering is caused by desire, cessation of suffering can be achieved, the solution is the Noble Eightfold Path
Karma moral law od cause and effect of actions – determines the nature of one’s rebirth
Middle way basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism – focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment
Nirvana ultimate goal of all Buddhists – extinction of desire and any sense of individual selfhood
Noble eightfold path 4th of the 3NT - defines basic practices of Buddhism that lead to Nirvana
Pali ancient language of India – more commonly understood – used in writings of the earliest Buddhist texts – most important for Theravada Buddhism
Samsara wheel of rebirth
Sangha Buddhist community of monks and nuns – one of the 3 Jewels of Buddhism
Tanha 2nd of the 4NT – selfish desire which causes dukkha
Theravada prevalent form of Buddhism in Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand – focuses n the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle
Three marks of existence characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality: anatta (no-self), anicca (impermanence) and dukkha (suffering)
Created by: desantis75205 on 2012-02-21



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