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medterms ch 13

albumino protein
cysto, vesico bladder or sac
gluco, glucoso, glyco glucose/sugar
keto, ketono ktone bodies
meato meatus, opening
pyelo renal pelvis
uretero ureter
uro, urino urine
medulla inner part of the kidney
calicies, calyces ducts that carry urine from nephron to renal pelvis
glomerulus small ball shaped cluster of capillaries
renal pelvis basin like portion of ureter
urinary bladder sac that holds urine
urethral meatus opening of urethera
creatinine waste product of muscle metabolism
albuminuria, proteinuria protein in urine
bacteriuria bacteria in urine
nocturnal enuresis bed wetting
glucosuria, glycosuria glucose in urine
incontinence involuntary discharge of urine or feces
ketonuria presence of ketone bodies in urine
nocturia urination at night
polyuria excessive urination
glomerulonephritis nephritis involving glomerulus
adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD) inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in kidney - leads to HTN/renal failure
nephritis inflamm of kidney
nephrosis degenerative disease of renal tubules
cystitis inflammation of bladder
urethrocystitis inflamm of urethra and bladder
urinary tract infection infection of urethra/bladder/ect.
kidney biopsy, renal biopsy removal of kidney tissue for exam
IV pyelogram, IV urogram xray image of urinary tract obtained after iodine contrast medium is injected
renal angiogram/arteriogram xray image of renal artery obtained after injecting contrast
abdominal sonogram abdominal ultrasound image of urinary tract, including kindey and bladder
urinalysis (UA) physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine
urobilinogen chemical test to detect bile pignment in urine
creatinine clearance testings 24 hour urine specimen to determine clearance rates
urologic endoscopic surgery endoscope surgery
nephrotomy incision into the kidney
nephrorrhaphy suture of injured kidney
mephrectomy excision of kidney
stent placement use of a stent to hold tubes/vessels open
continent urostomy internal reservoir contructed from segment of intestine that diverts urine through an opening in abdominal wall. Valve is created internally to prevent leakage
orthotopic bladder, neobladder bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing "natural" voiding
kidney dialysis filters impurities from the blood - replacing some kidney function
straight catheter collect sterile specimen of urine for testing, removed immediately after use.
foley catheter indewlling catheter insrted to collect urine into a bag
bacterio bacteria
dipso thirst
glomerulo glomerulus, small ball
litho stone
nephro, reno kidney
pyo pus
urethro urethra
cortex outer part of kidney
hilum indented opening in kidney where vessels enter and leave
nephron microscopic functional units in the kidney
ureter tube that carries urine from kidney to bladder
ureteropelvic junction point of connection b/w renal pelvis and ureter
urethera carries urine out of body
urea waste product formed in liver filtered by kidneys and excreted
urine fluid produced by kidneys
anuria absence of urine formation
dyuria painful urination
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine, lack of bladder control
hematuria blood in urine
stress urinary incontinence SUI involuntary discharge of urine w/ coughing, sneezing etc.
ketone bodies/compound metabolism products in urine via bodies unusual use of carbs (diabetes/starvation)
oliguria scanty production of urine
pyuria white cells in urine
urinary retention retention from inability to void.
hydronephrosis pooling of urine in dilated areas of renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys caused by obstructed outflow of urine.
pyelonephritis inflamm of renal pelvis
nephrolithiasis presence of renal stone or stones
urethritis inflamm of urethra
urethral stenosis narrowed urethra
uremia, azotemia excess urea and other nitrogenous waste in blood caused by kidney failure
cytoscopy examination of bladder using rigid or flexible cytoscope
kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB) abdominal xray of kidney ureter bladder; used as scout film for obtaining IV pyelogram
scout film plain-film x-ray image to detect obvious pathology prior to further imaging (KUB before IVP)
voiding cystourethrogram (VCU, VCUG) xray image of bladder, urethra obtained during urination
specific gravity measure of [ ] or dilution of urine
nitrite chemical test to determine presence of bactera in urine
BUN high BUN = inability of one or both kidneys to excrete urea
resectoscope urologic endoscope inserted through urethra to resect lesions of bladder, urethra or prostate
intracorporeal lithotripsy method of destroying stones within urinary tract using discharges of electrical energy
nephrolithotomy incision into kideny for removal of stones
pyeloplasty surgical reconstruction of renal pelvis
urinary diversion creation of temporary or permanent diversion of urinary tract to provide new passage for urine
noncontinent ileal conduit removal of portion of ileum to use as a conduit to which ureters are attached at one end, the other is brought trhough an opening created in abdomen. Urine rains continually into bag
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) procedure using ultrasound outside the body to bombard and disintegrate stone within
hemodialysis method of removing impurities by pumping patients blood through dialyzer
peritoneal dialysis method of removing impurities using peritoneum as filter; catheter inserted in peritoneal cavity delivers cleasning fluid
suprapubic catheter indewlling catheter inserted directly into bladder through abdominal incison
Created by: 643883641