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nervous sys & behavi

nervous system & behavioral health chapter 15

enchephal/o brain
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the brain
echoencephalography (echoEG) the process of recording the brain using sound waves
ElectroEncephaloGram (EEG) a record of the electrical activity of the brain
electroencephalograph the machine that records the electrical activity of the brain
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) encephalopathy a disease condition of the brain caused by the virus that can result in Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
cerebr/o cerebrum
The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain
The cerebrum contains your 1. Memories 2. Hopes 3. Dreams 4. Wishes 5. Fantasies 6. Imagination 7. Desires
The cerebrum is the part of the brain that houses your individuality
cerebral thrombosis abnormal condition of a thrombus (clot) in the cerebrum
-sclerosis hardening
cerebral infarction occlusion of an artery in the cerebrum (can cause a stroke)
cerebral cortex the outer portion of the cerebrum
cortex outer portion
cerebral angiography process of recording the vessels (blood) of the cerebrum
cerebral medulla the middle or inner portion of the cerebrum
cerebral aneurysum a weakness in an arterial septum of the cerebrum
aneurysum a weakness in an arterial septum (wall)
cerebral concussion Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) where the neurological deficits last LESS than 24 hours
cerebral contusion Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) where the neurological deficits last MORE than 24 hours
craniocerebral pertaining to the cranium (skull) and the cerebrum
the brain in made up of sections called lobes
lobotomy surgical incision of a lobe
lobectomy surgical removal of a lobe
hemisphere half of a sphere (brain)
the brain also has chambers called ventricles
cerebell/o cerebellum
the cerebellum is located at the posterior base of your brain
cerebellum is responsible for balance and equilibrium
cerebellar pertaining to the cellebellum
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
tax/o coordination
ataxia (ataxic) a condition of no coordination (take a taxi when uncoordinated)
the brain stem is made up of the 1. Pons 2. Medulla oblongata 3. Midbrain
The brain stem is responsible for regulation of your 1. Ventilation (breathing) 2. Blood Pressure (BP) 3. Heart Rate (HR)
myel/o spinal cord
polio myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord caused by the polio virus
myelogram a record of the spinal cord
Lumbar Puncture (LP) surgical puncture to aspirate CerebroSpinal Fluid (CSF) AKA "spinal tap"
mening/o, or meningi/o meninges
The meninges are protective tissue that surround the brain and spinal cord
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningioma tumor or mass of a meninx
meningocele herniation of a meninx
meningomyelocele herniation of the spinal cord through the meninges
the meninges are made up of the 1. Dura mater 2. Arachnoid membrane 3. Pia mater (I gotta go..)
The space under the dura mater is called the subdural space
the space under the arachnoid membrane is called the subarachnoid space
subdural hematoma a blood mass in the subdural space
subarachnoid hematoma a blood mass in the subarachnoid space
neur/o nerve(s)
neurologist a specialist in the study of nerves
neuritis inflammation of a nerve(s)
neurotomy surgical incision of a nerve
neurectomy surgical removal of a nerve
neuroplasty surgical repair of a nerve
neurorrhaphy suturing of a nerve
neuralgia a condition of a nerve pain
neurosis (neurotic) abnormal condition of a nerve
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves (POLLY likes many crackers)
neurasthenia a condition of nerve weakness
neuroma a tumor or mass in a nerve
a neuron is a nerve cell
sensory neurons allows you to feel, taste, smell, hear and see
motor neurons allow you to move
CNS Central Nervous System
the CNS is made up of the brain and spinal cord
PNS Peripheral Nervous System
the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) is made up of all the nerves except the brain and spinal cord
The neurons of the PNS (peripheral nervous system) have the ability to regenerate if damaged
The neurons of the CNS (central nervous system) do not have the ability to regenerate if damaged
sciatica inflammation of a sciatic nerve (leg)
sciatic nerve in a leg
shingles (herpes zoster) viral disease affecting the peripheral nervous system (PNS) causing pain and vesicles (blisters) on the skin
shingles only occurs in people who have been infected with the Vericella Zoster Virus (VZV) AKA chickenpox
ANS Autonomic Nervous System
ANS (autonomic nervous system) is involuntary (means that you do not have control)
The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) has two branches called the 1. Parasympathetic nervous system 2. Sympathetic nervous system AKA "fight or flight reaction"
the parasympathetic nervous system controls the routine nervous functions such as a. Normal Heart Rate (HR) b. Eupnea (normal breathing) c. Peripheral vasodilation (normal pink skin color) d. Bronchoconstriction (normal respiration) e. Pupillary constriction (normal visual field) f. Digestion (normal peristalsis and the absorption
The sympathetic nervous system controls the emergency nervous functions such as a. Tachycardia to increase blood flow to tissues in orer to supply more O2 (oxygen) and remove more CO2 (carbon dioxide) b. tachypnea to increase blood flow to tissues in order to supply more O2 and remove more CO2 c. Pallor due to vasoconstriction of t
Shunt means redirect, or divert, or detour
esthesi/o feeling or nervous sensation
anesthesia (anesthetic) a condition of (pertaining to) no feeling or nervous sensation
anesthesiologist a specialist in the study of no feeling or nervous sensation
hyperesthesia (hyperesthesic) a condition of (pertaining to) excessive nervous sensitivity to stimuli
a stimulus is a change in your environment
psych/o, or ment/o mind
psychology the study of the mind
psychogenic pertaining to originating in the mind
psychologist a specialist in the study of the mind
psychosis (psychotic) abnormal condition of (pertaining to) the mind
psychopathy (psychopathic) a disease condition of the mind
psychosomatic pertaining to the mind over body
mental pertaining to the mind
pleg/o a condition of paralysis AKA palsy
paralysis means the inability to feel (sensory neurons) and move (motor neurons)
monoplegia (monoplegic) a condition of (pertaining to) paralysis of one limb
quadriplegia (quadriplegic) a conditin of (pertaining to) paralysis of the four extremities (Spinal Cord Injury--- SCI)
hemiparesis partial paralysis of the right or left side of the body (brain damage)
-ict/o seizure
preictal pertaining to before a seizure
postictal pertaining to after a seizure
monoparesis partial paralysis of one limb
-paresis partial paralysis
paraplegia (paraplegic) a condition of paralysis of the lower trunk and both legs (spinal cord injury (SCI))
hemi- half
hemiplegia (hemiplegic) a condition of (pertaining to) paralysis of the right or left side of the body (brain damage)
partial paralysis means you can feel it but cannot move it OR you can move it but cannot feel it
interictal pertaining to between seizures
convulsion sudden rapid involuntary contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles
A convulsion is a type of seizure
seizures are associated with epilepsy (epileptic)
tonic-clonic seizures (grand mal) (gin & tonic-clonic) refers to the rapid contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles associated with seizures
aura a warning of an impending seizure
-iatry treatment (Tx)
psychiatry treatment of the mind
kines/o movement
bradykinesia (bradykinetic) slow movement
hyperkinesia (hyperkinetic) excessive movement
crani/o cranium (skull)
intracranial hemorrhage pertaining to a rapid flow of blood within the cranial (skull)
alges/o, -algia pain
non-narcotic analgesic pertaining to no pain with use of an Over The Counter (OTC) medicatin
cephal/o head
cephalalgia a condition of head pain AKA a HeadAche (HA)
glioma a type of Brain Tumor (BT)
conscious awake, alert, and aware
semi-conscious partially awake, alert, or aware
Level Of Consciousness (LOC) include: 1. Alert means awake and aware 2. Lethargy (lethargic) means mental sluggishness 3. Stupor (stuporous) means very groggy 4. Unconscious (unconsciousness) means state of being unaware of surroundings but will respond to stimuli 5. Coma (comatose) means
Glascow Coma Scale (GCS) a standardized system to assess (evaluate) neurological impairment
cerebrospinal otorrhea CerebroSpinal Fluid (CSG)draining from the ear(s)
papilledema edema and inflammation of the optic nerve indicative of increased IntraCranial Pressure (ICP)
cognitive pertaining to the mental processes of comprehension, judgment, memory, and reasoning
MCI Mild Cognitive Impairment
disorientation (disorientated) a state of mental confusion to person, and/or place, and/or time AKA the three spheres
incoherent unable to express one's thoughts in an intelligible manner
dementia, senility or Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) mental decline
vertigo a whirling sensation of oneself or external objects (dizziness)
syncope (syncopal episode) fainting
gait (stable or unstable) the manner or style of walking
Neurological Vital Signs (NVS) periodic assessment of a person's neurological status AKA neurological checks ("neuro checks")
Neurological Checks (NVS) include 1. Alert + oriented x 3 (spheres) which is...highest level of consciousness with a clear understanding of person, place and time 2. PEARRLA which stands for Pupils Equal And Round, React to Light and Accommodation (focus) 3. Gait & reflex assessment
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) a diagnostic imaging technique using magnetics to obtain an image
Position Emission Tomography (PET) X-ray picture slices of the brain after IntraVenous (IV) injection of a contrast (radiopaque) dye
AD Alzheimer's Disease or right ear
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
MVA Motor Vehicle Accident
CVA Cerebral Vascular Accident AKA "stroke"
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack AKA "mini or little stroke" (temporary)
MS Multiple Sclerosis or (Morphine Sulfate)
TBI Tramatic Brain Injury
CP Cerebral Palsy
TENS Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation which is used to... stimulate healing and for treatment of chronic pain (back)
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed