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Intro to Allied Hea

Introduction to Allied Health Lesson 2

Why is it important for a health information management technician to understand the history of medicine? So that we can understand how we arrived at the medical, surgical, and documentation methods that we use today.
Who kept the earliest forms of written medical records? What was the form of those records? The ancient Egyptians kept the earliest records. They were recorded as hieroglyphic drawings about medical procedures, illnesses, and treatments.
Who was known as the “Father of Medicine”? What was named after him and is still used by medical students and doctors today? The “Father of Medicine” was a Greek man named Hippocrates. The Hippocratic Oath, made by him, is still used today for students entering into the medical field as doctors.
Who was the man that was self-educated in anatomy and surgical skills by dissecting animals? Claudius Galen
Who was the man that discovered a mold that led to the development of penicillin? Alexander Fleming
What were the names of the men that proved that germs cause disease? Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch
Who developed a vaccine for smallpox? Edward Jenner
Who set standards for nursing and hospitals that improved patient care? Florence Nightingale
Who developed the theory that blood pumped through the heart? William Harvey
How were early physicians educated? Early physicians were educated in the form of apprentices. An apprentice is an inexperienced person who learns a trade or skill by watching and practicing with an experienced person.
What were the functions of early hospitals? The functions of early hospitals were only a place for people to die. Later they were used to treat the poor and inform.
Contrast women’s roles in medicine today with those of the past. In early history if women were caught practicing medicine they were hung as witches. During recent history there is an average of 30% of the physician population that are female and averages of 50% of medical students are women by the year 2010.
Why is there a push toward more outpatient care? There is a push toward outpatient care because it is cheaper for the patient and more cost efficient to run.
Define managed care. Managed Care - Managed care is a general term that refers to a case-management approach to providing medical services, with a focus on quality health care and cost containment. (Refer to slide 6)
Define insurer. Insurer – The insurer is the company or organization that helps the insured pay for their medical expenses.
Define insured. Insured – The insured are the people paying a portion of their medical expenses because they hold an insurance policy. AKA: policyholder
Define deductible. Deductible – The amount you pay in order to receive medical reimbursement.
Define claim. Claim – A claim is a form that the physicians or hospitals fill out in order to receive reimbursment for medical treatment or procedures.
List six examples of third-party payers. Medical insurance, medicare, medicaid, workers compensation, TRICARE, and CHAMPVA.
What are the two major components of computers? The major components of computers are hardware (brains) and software (programs).
What kind of computers will you be working with in the health information management field? Usually professionals in the healthcare field will work with Personal Computers (PCs) also called desktop computers.
List seven technology trends in health care today. Voice-activated surgical tools/ wireless, bedside patient health records/ speech recognition systems that automatically transcribe information/ touch screen monitors for easier access to data/ online, multiview X-rays/ smart cards/ biometrics
How were early health information management professionals educated? Initially, early health professionals were not educated in a certain way. Medical clerks were educated the same way as early physicians, by an apprentice system.
List five ways to maintain a professional appearance. Any five of the following: keep clothing clean and neat; avoid extreme hairstyles; keep hands and nails clean; avoid exaggerated makeup or nail polish; keep fragrances light; wear only minimal jewelry pieces
The majority of health information management professionals work in _____________. Hospitals
Identify one of the strongest job markets for health information management technicians. Coding specialist
Explain what a medical transcriptionist does. A medical transcriptionist’s job is to transcribe medical dictation from physicians onto medical forms to store in patients’ health files.
List at least five nontraditional work settings for health information management technicians. Any five:consulting and law firms,software vendors,correctional fac.,substance abuse fac., mental health inst.,long-term care fac.,home health care,hospices, managed care orga.,ambulatory care centers,rehab. centers,gov. agencies,pharmaceutical comp.
List at least five nontraditional work settings for health information management technicians.(continued) insurance companies, research institutes, educational institutes, donor management organizations, correspondence management companies, medical law offices
What are the functions of the American Health Information Management Association? To support the professional members of the health information management profession and provide standards and guidelines on maintaining health information
Explain the role of the Association for Healthcare Documentation Integrity. To support the professional members of the medical transcription profession and help provide standards, regulations, and guidelines for the transcription industry
What are the operating principles of the National Association of Cancer Registrars? To represent a variety of organizations and institutes with interests in cancer management, cancer registry professionals, and certified tumor registrars (CTRs)
Created by: almostanangel007