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Study Guide Ch 12

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 12 Respiratory System

tubes that bifurcate from the windpipe bronchi
uppermost portion of the lung apex
space between the lungs in the chest mediastinum
nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue adenoids
pulmonary parenchyma alveoli and bronchioles
removal of the voice box laryngectomy
phren/o means diaphragm
medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood hypoxemia (hypo- = decreased)
Type of pneumoconiosis; dust particles are inhaled. (in this case, coal dust) asbestosis
breathing is easier in an upright position orthopnea (orth/o = upright, -pnea = breathing)
collection of pus in the pleural cavity pyothorax
sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest percussion
the "P" in DPT stands for Pertussis (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus)
"stridor" occurs in which upper respiratory disorder? Croup. Acute viral infection in infants and children.
difficult breathing dyspena
bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough Asthma (also characterized by chronic inflammation, airway obstruction, bronchial edema, bronchial constriction, and mucus production.
collapsed lung atelectasis (incomplete expansion) a-=not, tel/0= complete, -ectasis = expansion
material is expelled from the lungs expectoration
localized area of pus formation in the lungs pulmonary abscess (abscess = collection of pus)
spitting up blood from the lungs hemoptysis (hemo = blood, -ptysis = spitting)
tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway endotracheal intubation (endo-=inside, tracheal = pert to the trachea, intubation = placement of tube-in
what is PPD? Purified Protein Derivative - substance used in a tuberculosis test.
airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
An example of an endoscopic examination (for instance, the visual examination with a scope to view the bronchioles would be called a _____? Bronchoscopy (fiberoptic endoscope used to visually examine the bronchi)
hypercapnia high carbon dioxide levels in the blood (hyper- = more, high level) (capn/o = Carbon Dioxide) (-ia = condition)
branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs are the bronchi
the region between the lungs in the chest cavity is the mediastinum
collections of lymph tissue in the oropharynx are the palatine tonsils (almond shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx) (palatine means pertaining to the roof of the mouth)
air sacs of the lung are called alveoli
middle region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs is the ? hilum (hilar means pertaining to the hilium)
the voice box larynx
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract cilia
(the) air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose are (called) the? paranasal sinuses
the lid-like piece of cartilage that overs the voice box is the epiglottis
hyperinflation of air sacs with the destruction of alveolar walls emphysema
inflammation of tubes leading from the trachea (over a long period of time) chronic bronchitis
spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstruction asthma
lung or portion of a lung is collapsed atelectasis
(condition of) malignant neoplasm originating in a bronchus (is called?) bronchogenic carcinoma
"whooping cough"; bacterial infection of the pharynx pertussis
tube is placed through the mouth into the trachea to establish an airway endotracheal intubation
(name the procedure in which) radioactive material is injected or inhaled and images are recorded. V/Q (or Lung Scan)
(the procedure of) taking x-rays after constrast is injected into blood vessels of the lungs is called ? pulmonary angiography
opening into the trachea through the neck to establish an airway tracheostomy
chest wall is punctured with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural space thoracentisis
fluid is injected into the bronchi and then removed for examination brochioalveolar lavage
inherited disease of exocrine glands, leading to airway obstruction cystic fibrosis
Created by: penguin