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Study Guide Ch 10

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 10 Nervous System

part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance cerebellum
myoneural pertains to...? muscles and nerves
acetylcholine is a ... ? neurotransmitter
part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the dendrite
elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called Gyri
causalgia burning sensation of pain
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system Plexus
portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp Hypothalamus
glial cells Astrocytes
space between nerve cells is called the synapse
part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels medulla oblongata
inability to speak aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord Cauda equina
x-ray record of the spinal cord myelogram
collection of blood within the meningeal layers subdural hematoma
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles) paresthesia
inflammation of a sinal nerve root radiculitis
a highly malignant brain tumor glioblastoma
paralysis of four extremities Quadraplegia
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)
fainting syncope
spina bifida is associated with meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)
shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease? Parkinson Disease
disorder of reading, writing, and learning is dyslexia
condition of NO nervous sensation anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)
three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell axon
a large interlacing network of nerves plexus (plexuses)
branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse dendrite
protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell myelin sheath
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord cauda equina
glial cell that produces myelin oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)
outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter cerebral cortex
the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors sensory nerve
essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron parenchymal cell
innermost meningeal membrane pia mater
elevations in the cerebral cortex gyri
acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse neurotransmitter
the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid subarachnoid space
slow movement bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)
increased nervous sensation hyperesthesia
seizure of sleep narcolepsy
movements and behavior are not purposeful apraxia
fainting syncope
burning pain causalgia
no coordination ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi) haha
slight paralysis in half the body hemiparesis
destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue multiple sclerosis
sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures Epilepsy
loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter myasthenia gravis
degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain Parkinson disease
deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles Alzheimer disease
Unilateral facial paralysis palsy (Bell Palsy)
relieving but not curing pallative
major convulsive epileptic seizure Tonic-Clonic Seizure
peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms aura
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells glioblastoma multiforme
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum transient ischemic attack
minor form of epileptic seizure absence seizure
blockage occlusion
neurotransmitter (type of) dopamine
Created by: penguin