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Study Guide Ch 4

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Ch 4 Prefixes

intracostal pertaining to - between the ribs (-al = pertaining to, intra- = between, cost/o = ribs)
contralateral pertaining to the opposite side (-al = pertaining to)
exophthalamos protrusion of an eyeball
syndactyly a congenital anomaly (congenital = present at birth)
parasitism is an example of ... ? symbiosis
symptoms precede an illness (like a fever, or rash) prodrome
before meals ante cibum
antibodies protein substances made by leukocytes (anti- = against)
symphysis bones grow together, as in the pelvis
ultrasonography sound waves and echoes are used to create an image
metamorphosis change in shape or form
hypertrophy increase in cell size, increased development (-trophy = development)
hyperglycemia excessive sugar in the blood
retroperitoneal behind the abdomen (retro- = back, behind) (peri = around, surrounding)
streptococci is an example of an ...? antigen
return of disease symptoms relapse
dia- complete, through (as in Diagnosis)
abductor muscle Ab ("b" faces away) carries a limb AWAY from the body
adductor muscle Ad ("d" faces toward) pulls limb TOWARD the body.
dyspnea difficult breathing (pnea = breathing, dys- = difficult)
Brady- slow
Tachycardia rapid heartbeat (cardia = heartbeat, tachy- = rapid or fast)
parathyroid glands located on the dorsal side of an endocrine gland in the neck (the thyroid gland) para = near
Recombinant DNA gene from one organism is inserted (recombined) into another organism
epithelium Skin cells. Surface cells that line internal organs and found in the skin.
percutaneous through the skin
anoxia condition of no oxygen
antisepsis against infection
congenital anomaly irregularity present at birth (such as ... born with webbed toes)
antepartum before birth
apnea not breathing
contralateral pertaining to opposite side
metamorphosis condition of change of shape or form
malaise vague feeling of bodily discomfort
pancytopenia deficiency of ALL blood cells
metasasis spread of a cancerous tumor to a secondary organ or tissue
exophthalmos eyeballs that bulge outward
paralysis loss of movement in muscles
prodrome symptoms that appear before an illness (such as a rash or fever)
remission symptoms lessen
relapse disease or symptoms return
webbed fingers or toes syndactyly
neoplasm new growth (tumor)
Created by: penguin