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Study Guide Ch 1

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Ch 1 Basic Word Structure

What is a ... ?answer
Gastrectomy Gastric resection (-tomy = to resect, remove) (gastr/o = stomach)
Osteitis Inflammation of a bone (-itis = inflammation, oste/o = bone)
Cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder (-scopy = visually examine, -cyst/o = urinary bladder)
Hepatoma Tumor of the liver (-oma = tumor, hepat/o = liver)
iatrogenic pertaining to produced by treatment (-ic = pertaining to, gen = produce or create, iatr/o = treatment, physican
electroencephalogram record of electricity in the brain (-gram = record, electro- = electricity, -en = inside, cephal/o = brain)
diagnosis is made on the basis of complete knowledge about the patient's condition (-is = condition, dia- = through and complete, gnos/o = knowledge)
cancerous tumor carcinoma (-oma = tumor, carcin/o = cancer)
microscopic examination of living tissue biopsy (-opsy = process of viewing, bi/o = life
pertaining to the brain cerebral (-al = pertaining to, cerebr/o = brain)
removal of a gland adenectomy (-ectomy = resection, remove) (aden/o = gland)
decrease in numbers of red blood cells anemia (-emia = abnormal blood condition, an- = no, none) "no blood" (less than normal levels of RBC
Pathologist One who performs autopsies and reads biopsies (-logist = specialized study, path/o = disease)
arthralgia pain in a joint (-algia = pain, arthr/o = joint)
increase in numbers of malignant white blood cells Leukemia (-emia = abnormal blood condition, leuk/o = white)
Instrument - to view the eye ophthalmoscope (note spelling opHth) -scope = instrument to visually examine, ophthalm/o = eye
a platelet is a ... ? thrombocyte (-cyte = cell, thromb/o = clotting)
abnormal condition of the mind psychosis (-osis = abnormal condition, psych/o = mind)
inflammation of the nose rhinitis (-itis = inflammation, rhin/o = nose)
cytology study of cells (-logy = study, cyt/o = cells)
pertaining to - through the liver transhepatic (-ic = pertaining to, trans- = through, hepat/o = liver)
nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney (-osis = abnormal condition, nephr/o = kidney)
osteotomy incision of a bone (-tomy = incision, oste/o = bone)
hyperglycemia high level of sugar in the blood (-emia = abnormal blood condition, hyper- = more than normal or excessive, glyc/o = sugar)
psych/o mind (example: psychosis)
ophthalm/o eye (example: opthalmoscope)
path/o disease (example: pathology)
ren/o kidney (example: renal)
rhin/o nose (example: rhinitis)
radi/o x-ray (example: radiology)
onc/o tumor (example: oncologist )
sarc/o flesh (example: sarcoma) - sarcomas are malignant.
thromb/o clot, clotting (example: thrombocyte)
ur/o urinary tract, urine (example: urology)
oste/o bone (example: osteitis)
sect/o to cut (example: resection)
Created by: penguin