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Phlebotomy Additives

Collection Tube additives and Phlebotomy terms

centrifugation An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials
immunology The branch of biomedicine concerned with the structure and function of the immune system,
serology The science that deals with the properties and reactions of serums, especially blood serum.
Heparin Heparin is an anticoagulant commonly used in chemistry and special chemistry testing.
Lithium Heparin currently three salts of heparin,least likely to interfere when performing tests for other ions
Lithium Heparin should not be used for: should not be used for collection of blood for lithium levels
Anticoagulant substance that prevents the clotting of blood
Plasma The clear, yellowish fluid portion of blood, lymph, or intramuscular fluid in which cells are suspended.
Plasma differs from Serum how? It differs from serum in that it contains fibrin and other soluble clotting elements
Calcium Citrate Calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid,can chelate unwanted metal ions
Thrombin Thrombin quickly clots blood
Thromboplastin is a protein present in subendothelial tissue, platelets, and leukocytes necessary for the initiation of thrombin formation from the zymogen prothrombin
EDTA capable of chelating a variety of divalent metal cations: as a salt used as an anticoagulant, antioxidant, blood cholesterol reducer, food preservative; as a calcium-disodium salt used in the treatment of lead and other heavy-metal poisonings.
Viral Load Testing The viral load test measures the amount of HIV virus in the blood.
Sedementaion Rate a non-specific measure of inflammation that is commonly used as a medical screening test. The ESR is decreased in sickle cell anemia, polycythemia, and congestive heart failure.
HLA Tissue Typing determine whether donor tissue is compatible for transplant into another person.
Created by: wildmindgirl