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Stack #85350, Ch 8

Chabner Ch 8 WWC JJ

amni/o amnion = innermost membrane around the developing embryo
cephal/o head
cervic/o cervix, neck
chori/o chorion = outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta
chorion/o chorion = outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac = region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and uterus
episi/o vulva = external genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris
galact/o milk
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus, womb
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o uterus
metri/o uterus
my/o muscle
myom/o muscle tumor
nat/i birth
obstetr/o midwife = concerned with pregnancy and birth
olig/o scanty
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary = one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis; produce eggs and hormones
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary = one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis; produce eggs and hormones
ovul/o egg
perine/o perineum = area between anus and vagina in females
phor/o to bear
py/o pus
salping/o fallopian tubes = one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
uter/o uterus = hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo develops and from which menstruation occurs. upper portion is fundus, middle is corpus(body), lower/neck portion is cervix
vagin/o vagina = tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulv/o external genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris
-arche beginning
-cele hernia
-cyesis pregnancy
-ectasis stretching, dilation
-ectomy removal; excision; resection
-flexion process of bending
-genesis producing; forming
-gravida pregnancy
-itis inflammation
-pareunia sexual intercourse
-parous to bear, bring forth
-plasia development; formation; growth
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis droop; sag; prolapse; fall
-rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-salpinx uterine tube
-scopy visual examination with an instrument
-stenosis tightening; stricture
-stomy new opening (to form a mouth)
-tocia labor, birth
-tomy process of cutting
-tresia opening
-version act of turning
bi- two
dys- painful, difficult
endo- within
in- in
intra- within
multi- many
nulli- no, not, none
oxy- swift; sharp; acid
peri- surrounding
pre- before
primi- first
pseudo- false
retro- backward
uni- one
amniocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion.
amniotic fluid fluid that is contained within the amnionic sac.
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
choriogenesis formation of the chorion
chorionic pertaining to the chorion
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina
culdocentesis surgical puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid
episiotomy incision of the vulva (perineum)
galactorrhea discharge of milk (abnormal amount).
gynecomastia condition of female breasts (enlarged) in a male
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus (endoscopic = with an instrument)
lactogenesis formation (secretion) of milk
lactation secretion of milk
mammary pertaining to the breast
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast
mastitis inflammation of a breast
mastectomy removal of a breast
amenorrhea no menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea pain during menstruation
oligomenorrhea scanty menstrual flow
menorrhagia excessive discharge of blood during menstruation
metrorrhagia excessive discharge of blood from the uterus (between menstrual periods)
menometrorrhagia excessive uterine bleeding at and between menstrual periods
endometriosis abnormal condition of the inner lining of the uterus (found ectopically).
myometrium muscle layer lining the uterus
myomectomy removal of a muscle tumor (fibroid).
neonatal pertaining to newborn
obstetric field of medicine dealing with pregnancy and delivery of the newborn
oogenesis production of eggs (egg cells).
bilateral oophorectomy removal of both ovaries
ovum an egg cell
ovarian pertaining to an ovary
anovulatory condition of no egg production
perineorrhaphy suture of the perineum
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
salpingectomy removal of the fallopian (uterine) tube
uterine prolapse sagging or falling of the uterus into the vagina
vaginal orifice opening of the vagina to the outside of the body
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
vulvovaginitis nflammation of the vagina and vulva
menarche beginning of the first menstrual period
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
primigravida woman who is in her first pregnancy
primiparous pertaining to a woman who has delivered her first child
leukorrhea discharge of white, vaginal secretion, associated with cervicitis
menorrhea menstrual discharge
pyosalpinx pus in the fallopian tube
dystocia difficult, painful labor and delivery
oxytocia rapid labor and delivery
cephalic version turning of the head of the fetus toward the cervix
dyspareunia painful sexual intercourse
endometritis inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus
involution of the uterus the uterus returns to its normal nonpregnant size
intrauterine device object that is placed within the uterus as a contraceptive device
multipara woman who has had many births (deliveries).
multigravida woman who has had more than one pregnancy
nulligravida woman who has not had any pregnancies
nullipara woman who has not had any vaginal births
prenatal pertaining to before birth
primipara woman who has had or is giving birth to her first child
retroversion the uterus is abnormally turned backward
carcinoma of the cervix malignant cells with the cervix (cervical cancer)
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer) malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)
endometriosis endometrial tissue is found in abnormal locations, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, supporting ligaments, or small intestine
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian carcinoma malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)
ovarian cysts collections of fluid with a sac (cyst) in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) inflammation in the pelvic region; salpingitis
carcinoma of the breast malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)
abruptio placentae premature separation of the implanted placenta, it is an obstetric emergency
ectopic pregnancy inplantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location, most commonly in fallopian tubes (tubal pregnancy)
Down syndrome chromosomal abnormality (trisomy-21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes
erythroblastosis fetalis hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hydrocephalus accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
mammography x-ray imaging of the breast
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
cryosurgery use of cold temperature to destroy tissue, using liquid nitrogen
abortion spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus can exist on its own
amniocentesis surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
cesarean section surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
Created by: jjanis1