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His. terms; Test 3

reaction against the Englightenment; importance of human feelings and emotions. romanticism
literally,"storm and stress"; a movement in German Romantic literature;emphasized feeling/emotion Sturm and Drang
French philosopher who wrote "Emile"; idea of open education Rousseau
German philosopher who wrote critiques; had a view called categorical imperative Kant
Kant's view that all humans possess a sense of moral duty,an inner command to act in a situation like you would want someone else to. categorical imperative
English romantic writer; exotic Coleridge
English Romantic writer; beginning of English Romanticism Wordsworth
English rebel romantic writer; wrote "Don Juan"; personal liberty Lord Byron
German romantic writer; attacked prejudices against women Schlegal
German romantic writer; wrote,"Faust" Goethe
style of architecture in which Gothic motifs and forms are imitated. neo-Gothic
portraying subjects from nature that aroused strong emotions and raised questions about our control of life. nature and the sublime
movement begun by John Wesley in Great Britain; emphasized religion (Anglicanism)as a method of life. Methodism
John: the founder of Methodism Charles: famous for writing hymns the Wesley brothers: John and Charles
Frenchman who wrote,"The Genius of Christianity" -it became known as the "bible of Romanticism"; essence of religion is passion. Chateaubriand
German; wrote,"Speeches on Religion to Its Cultured Despisers"; religion is having a dependence on an infinite being. Schleiermacher
German historian of folklore; saw humans/society as plants Herder
German; famous for their collection of fairy tales Grimm brothers
most important German philosopher of history; believed all period of history have equal significance. Hegel
Arabic stories that became popular because of their mysterious nature. The Thousand and One Nights
British historian; writes about Muhammad. Carlyle
discovered by Napoleon Bonaparte; it led to the decipherment of ancient Egypt's hieroglyphic writing Rosetta Stone
the belief that the people who share an ethic identity should also be recognized as having a right to a government of their own. nationalism
favored equality, suffrage, written constitution, and freedom of the press liberalism
wants NO change; they want the status quo conservatism
British conservationist Burke
German conservationist; all history is equal Hegel
Austrian prince,diplomat; epitome of Conservatism Metternich
Conservative Prussian king who strengthened Prussia; replaced reform leaders with nobility Frederick William III
German student organizations; nationalistic Burschenschaften
dissolved the Burschenschaften; allowed for inspectors and censors Carlsbad Decrees
tariffs on grain Corn Law
crowds advocated for reforms and criticized Corn Laws Peterloo Massacre
forbade public meetings; raised fines for libel; speed up trials; prohibited training of armed groups; and allowed home searches. Six Acts
French conservative king; RESTORATION monarch -restored the Bourbon family Louis XVIII
a written constitution for France (hereditary monarchy) The Charter
preserve balance of power in Europe Concert of Europe/the Congress System
Russian tzar; wanted to make Quadruple Alliance more powerful to keep peace. Alexander I
BAD king of Spain; dissolved the people's body. Ferdinand VII
Quadruple Alliance (minus Eng.) would invade other countries if there was a revolt. Protocol of Troppau
British foreign secretary; encouraged English trade with the Spanish world Canning
Greeks revolt and want liberalism and nationalism; it was recognized as *1830 though Greek Revolution, 1821
what to do with dying Ottoman Empire? the Eastern Question
was granted independence Serbia
French colony; known for sugar and slaves Haiti
leader of Haitian independence; failed L'Ouverture
leader of Haitian independence who was successful Dessalines
born in the New World;of Spanish assent; 2nd class citizens Creole
leading general of the Spanish Rio de la Plata forces; liberator of Peru San Martin
Chilean independence leader O'Higgins
liberator in the north of Latin America Bolivar
liberator of Mexico Iturbide
emperor of Brazil Dom Pedro
Russian conservationist ruler Nicholas I
military rebelled against swearing allegiance to Nicolas I Decermberist Revolt
French ultra-conservatist king Charles X
restricted freedom of the press;dissolver Chamber of Depudies, limited franchise to wealthy; called for new elections Four Ordinances [July Ordinances]
Conservatist French monarch;middle class king* Louis Philippe
becomes independent after being part of many differing lands Belgian independence
Britain compromises with moderate reform Great Reform Bill, 1832
let Catholics become members of Parliament Catholic Emancipation Act
bad voting areas "rotten boroughs"
when a mysterious fugus blighted potato fields; it was their only food so many died of hunger. Irish famine: The Great Hunger
shift in labor force proletarianization
Political movement associated with the London Working Men's Association's 1838 proposal for political reform. Chartism
forbade the employment of children under 9, limited children's workday, and required employer to pay for 2 hrs of edu. for the children. English Factory Act of 1833
having a group of paid men to patrol and police the community; police reform
the goal of imprisonment was to rehabilitate or transform the prisoner. prison reform
Economist; population control Malthus
Economist; wrote "Principles of Political Economy"; "iron law of wages" Ricardo
a free trading union that all the major German states formed. Zollverein
a Utilitarian; tought to create codes of scientific law that were founded on principle of utility (the greatest happiness for the greatest number). Bentham
belief that people should always pursue the course that gives them the greatest happiness. utilitarianism
wanted to abolish the tariffs on price of grain Anti-Corn Law League
would lead to lower food prices, which would allow lower wages. Also, British ports needed to open to feed the starving Irish. repeal of the Corn Law
believed that human society should be organized as a community, rather than a group of selfish individuals. socialism
early critics of industrialism whose programs involved plans to est ideal societies on non-capitalistic values. utopian socialism
earliest French socialist pioneers; believed modern society would require rational management. Saint-Simon
British socialist; believed that if humans were placed in the right environment their character would improve. Owen
French socialist; social discipline ignores human pleasure. Fourier
those who opposed any cooperation with industry or government. anarchists
terrorist methods w/ anarchism Blanqui
representative of anarchism; cooperation of society Proudhon
socialist movement; had a claim to a scientific foundation and its insistence on reform through revolution. Marxism
written by Karl Marx and Engels on Marxism Communist Manifesto; Capital
Year of the Revolutions; began in France 1848
a time during the 2nd Republic in France June Days
a brief time in France; began after Louis Philippe and ended with Napolean III Second Republic
becomes president of the Second Republic Napoleon III
Hungarian (Magyar) independence leader Kossuth
wanted their own state, separate from Austria Magyars, Czechs
Italian nationalists (tried [and failed]to unite Italy as a Republic Mazzini and Garibaldi
brief lived after assassinating Pope Roman Republic
German conservationist king; didn't listen to the people Frederick William IV
Frederick William IV refused to let parliament say he was ruler because he believed that God has anointed him ruler already. Frankfurt Parliament
Created by: cgurg908