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MedTerm Quiz 3

Chapter 2

Abdomen Abdomin/o
Fat Adip/o
Front Anter/o
Arm Brachi/o
Tail Caud/o
Neck Cervic/o
Cartilage Chondr/o
Skull Crani/o
Leg Crur/o
Cell Cyt/o
Away From Dist/o
Back of body Dors/o
Epithelium Epitheli/o
Buttock Glute/o
Tissue Hist/o
Below Infer/o
Side Later/o
Middle Medi/o
Muscle Muscul/o
Nerve Neuro
Organ Organ/o
Bone Oste/o
Pelvis Pelv/o
Peritoneum Peritone/o
Pleura Pleur/o
Back Poster/o
Near to Proxim/o
Genital Region Pub/o
Body Somato/o
Spine Spin/o
Above Super/o
System System/o
Chest Thorac/o
Belly Ventr/o
Vertebra Vertebr/o
Internal Organ Viscer/o
Basic Unit of Life Cell
Group of Identical Cells working together Tissues
Composed of two or more types of tissue that work together to perform a special function Organs
Collection of organs working together in a coordinated manner to perform a function(s) Systems
The human body is composed of Cells, Tissues, Organs & Systems
The study of cells Cytology
The study of tissue Histology
The system that forms a protective two way barrier and aids in temperature regulation Integumentary System
One who studies the skin, hair, nails, sweat glads and subaceous glands Dermatologist
Medical Specialty for Integumentary System Dermatology
Parts of the Integumentary System Skin, Hair, Nails, Sweat Glands and Sebaceous glands
Skeleton supports and protects the body, Muscles produce movement. Musculoskeleton System
Medical Specialty for Musculoskeleton System Orthopedics
Surgery pertaining to the bones, joints and/or muscles Orthopedic surgery
Parts of the Musculoskeletal System Bones, Joints and Muscles
The system that pumps the blood throughout the entire body to transport nutrients, oxygen & wastes Cardiovascular System
Medical Specialty for the cardiovascular system Cardiology
Parts of the cardiovascular system Heart, Arteries & Veins
The system that transports Oxygen, protects against pathogens and controls bleeding Hematic System
Parts of the hematic System Plasma, erythocytes, leukocytes & platelets
Medical Specialty for the hematic System Hematology
The system that protects the body from disease and invasion from pathogens Lymphatic System
Parts of the lymphatic system Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland and tonsils
Medical specialty for the lymphatic system Immunology
The system that obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the body Respiratory System
Medical specialty also known as ENT Otorhinolaryngology
Medical specialty for the respiratory system Pulmonology
Surgery performed on your chest Thoracic Surgery
Parts of the respiratory system Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes & lungs
The system that ingests, digests and absorbs nutrients for the body Gastrointestinal (GI) or Digestive System
Medical specialty that focuses on the stomach and small intestine Gastroenterology
Medical specialty that focuses on the colon Proctology
Parts of the GI or Digestive System Oral Cavity, Pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallgladder, pancrease & salivary glands
The system that filters waste products out of the blood and removes them from the body Urinary System
Parts of the Urinary System Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary bladder & Urethra
Medical specialty for the kidneys Nephrology
Medical specialty for the Urinary Trach Urology
The system that produces eggs for reproduction and provides place for growing baby Female Reproductive System
Medical specialty for the female reproductive system Gynecology
Medical specialty for pregnant females Obstetrics
Parts of the female reproductive system ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva & breasts
System that produces sperm for reproduction Male reproductive system
Medical specialty for the male reproductive system Urology
Parts of the male reproductive system testes, epididymis,vas defrens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate gland & bulbourethral gland
The system that regulates metabolic activities of the body Endocrine System
Medical specialty for the endocrine system Endocrinology
Parts of the endocrine system pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries & testes
The system that recieves sensory information ad coordinates the body's response The nervous system
Medical specialty for the Nervous system Neurology
Surgery performed on a part of the nervous system Neurosurgery
Parts of the Nervous system Brain, spinal cord & nerves
Medical specialty for the Eye Ophthalmology
Medical specialty for the Ear Otorhinolaryngology
Divides the body into right and left portions, a verticle plane (Aka: median plane) Sagittal plane
Divides the body into front and back portions, a vertical plane (Aka: coronal plane) Frontal plane
Divides the body into upper and lower portions, a horizontal plane running parallel with the ground. (Aka: horizonal plane) Transverse plane
Superior or Cephalic More towards the head, or above another structure
Inferior or Caudal More towards the tail, or below another structure
Anterior or Ventral More towards the front or belly-side of the body
Posterior or dorsal More towards the back or spinal cord side of the body
Medial Refers to the middle or near he middle of the body or structure
Lateral Refers to the side
Proximal Located nearer tot he point of attachment to the body. (IE: The elbow is proximal to the hand)
Distal Located farther away from the point of attachment (IE: The hand is distal to the elbow)
Apex Tip or summit of an organ
AP Anterposterior
CV Cardiovascular
ENT Ear, Nose & Throat
GI Gastrointestinal
GYN Gynecology
lat Lateral
LE Lower Extremity
LLQ Lower Left Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
MS Musculoskeletal
OB Obstetrics
PA Posteroanterior
RLQ Right lower quadrant
RUQ Right upper quadrant
UE Upper Extremity
Created by: lynette.thorpe