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SPC A&P Test I

St Philips College A&P 1

Anatomy Study of the STRUCTURES and the relationships among structures.
Physiology Study of the FUNCTIONS of those structures.
Explain Homeostasis Homeostasis is an inner stability of the body, even if the environment outside the body changes.
Stress of Homeostasis Stress disrupts homeostasis. Stress is the overall disruption that forces the body to make adaptive changes. Factors causing stress are called stressors.
Homeostasis Feedback System Negative Feedback - When the response is opposite to the initiating stimulus. Positive Feedback - when the response reinforces the initial stimulus.
Name the different levels of the body organization Chemical/Molecular Level Cellular Level Tissue Level Organ Level Organ System Level
Midsagittal or Median Plane Divides the body symmetrically into left and right halves
Parasagittal or Sagittal Plane Divides body asymmetrically into left and right parts.
Frontal or Coronal Plane Divides body asymmetrically into anterior and posterior sections
Transverse or Horizontal Plane Divides body horizontally into superior and inferior sections.
Cranial or Cephalic Toward the head
Caudal Toward the tail
Superior Above; to move up on a human
Inferior Below; to move down on a human
Anterior = Ventral Toward the front
Posterior = Dorsal Toward the back
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Away from the midline
Proximal Nearer to the trunk
Distal Farther from the trunk
Superficial = External Near the surface; near the skin surface
Deep = Internal Farther from the surface
Planter Sole of foot
Dorsal of Foot Upper surface of foot
Palmer Palm of hand
Dorsal of Hand Back of hand
Parietal Related to body walls
Visceral Related to anterior organs
Supine To recline on one's back
Prone To recline on one's front; to lie on one's stomach
Ventral (Anterior) Body Cavity Front aspect of the body and divided into Thoracic Cavity and Abdominopelvic Cavity
4 Types of Tissue Epithelial Connective Muscular Nervous
11 Organ System Levels Integumentary Skeletal Muscular Nervous Endocrine circulatory Lymphatic & Immune Respiratory Digestive Urinary Reproductive
Dorsal Body Cavity Contains Cranial Cavity Spinal Cavity
Thoracic Cavity Contains: Right Pleural Cavity - Right Lung Left Pleural Cavity - Left Lung Midiastinum - region between the pleural cavities Pericardial cavity contains the heart Aortic Arch Thoracic Aorta (descending) Superior Vena Cava Trachea Esophagus
What muscle separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity? Diaphragm
3 parts of the small intestines Duodenum - connects stomach to the sm intestines Jejunum - long middle part of the sm intestines Ileum - lower part that leads to the lg intestines
6 parts of the Large Intestines (colon) Cecum - begining of the lg intestines Ascending colon Vermiform appendix Transverse Colon (goes across) Descending Colon Sigmoid Colon
Created by: ay4christ