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L.O.M. Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Vocabulary

Vocab WordDefinition
adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion Innermost membrane around the developing embryo.
areola Dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple.
Bartholin glands Small exocrine glans at the vaginal orifice.
cervix Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta.
clitoris Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
coitus Sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum Empty graafian follice that secrets estrogen and proesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus).
cul-de-sac Region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo Stage in prenatal development from implantation of the fertilized ovum until the second month of pregnancy.
ednometrium Inner mucous membrane lining the uterus.
estrogen Hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics.
fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
fertilization Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
fetus Embryo from the eighth week after fertilization until birth.
fimbriae (plural) Finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
gamete Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
genitalia Reproduction organs; also called genitals.
gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth; pregnancy.
gonad Organ in the male (testis) and female (ovary) that produces gametes.
graafian follicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
gynecology Study of female reproduction organs including the breasts.
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the mothers ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice.
labia Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
laciferous ducts Tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
mammory papilla Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection.
menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
menopause Gradual ending of menstruation.
menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining. Menses is the normal flow of blood and tissue that occurs during menstruation.
myometrium Muscle layer lining the uterus.
neonatology Branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the newborn (neonate).
obstetrics Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
orifice An opening.
ovary One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones.
ovulation Release of the ovum from the ovary.
ovum (plural: ova) Egg cell; female gamete.
parturition Act of giving birth.
perinuem In females, the area between the anus and vagina.
pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.
placenta Vascular organ that develops during the pregnancy in the uterine wall. It is a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
pregnancy Growth and developmental process in a woman from fertilization through embryonic and fetal periods to birth; gestation.
progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant woman.
puberty Period of life when the ability to reproduce begins; secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced.
uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
uterus Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo develops and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the funus, the middle portion is the corpus; and the lower, neck portion is the cervix.
vagina Tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
vulva External genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.
Created by: Namber88