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Male Repro

Purpose of the Urinary System: To regulate the composition of the extracellular fluids of the body. Removing harmful substances in the form of urine. while retaining beneficial products.
Harmful substances removed by kidneys & urine; Nitrogenous wastes and excess electrolytes
Electrolyte concentration must remain fairly constant for proper functioning of: Nerves, Heart & Muscles
Kidney functions: Regulating composition of extra cellular fluids. Secretes the hormone erythropoietin.
Erythropoietin: A hormone that acts on bone marrow to stimulate production of red blood cells when blood oxygen levels are low.
What are the 4 Macroscopic structures that make up the urinary system? Two kidneys, Two ureters, Bladder, Urethra
2 distinct areas of the kidney that are visible? Renal Cortex(Outer Section), Renal Medulla(Middle area) they contain portions of the microscopic filtering units of the kidney, called Nephrons.
Renal Artery does what? Carries blood that contains waste products to the nephrons for filtering.
Small folds in the bladder are called? and what do they do? Rugae ; they expand as the bladder fills.
Approx 1million nephrons in the body: Microscopic structures are responsible for maintaining homeostasis by continually adjusting & regulating the contents of blood plasma.
Substances removed by Nephrons: They are called nitrogenous wastes, they are the end products of protein metabolism, excess electrolytes, and many other products that exceed the amount tolerated by the body.
Nephron perfoms 3 physiological functions as it produces urine, they are? Filtration, Reabsorption, & Secretion
cyst/o Bladder
vesic/o Bladder
glomerul/o Glomerulus
lith/o Stone;calculus
meat/o opening,meatus
nephr/o Kidney
ren/o Kidney
pyel/o Renal pelvis
ur/o Urine, Urinary tract
ureter/o Ureter
urethr/o Urethra
andr/o Male
balan/o Glans penis
epididym/o Epididymis
orch/o Testis(plural,testes)
orchi/o Testis(plural,testes)
orchid/o Testis(plural,testes)
test/o Testis(plural,testes)
perine/o Perineum(area between scrotum (or vulva in the female) and anus)
prostat/o Prostate gland
spermat/o Spermatozoa,Sperm cells
sperm/o Spermatozoa,Sperm cells
varic/o Dilated vein
vas/o Vessel
vesicul/o Seminal vesicle
albumin/o Albumin,protein
azot/o Nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o Bacteria(singular,bacterium)
crypt/o Hidden
gonad/o Gonads, sex glands
kal/i Potassium (an electrolyte)
keton/o Ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
noct/o Night
olgi/o Scanty
py/o Pus
-cide Killing
-genesis Forming,producing,origin
-iasis Abnormal condition
-ism Condition
-spadias Slit,fissure
-uria Urine
dia- Through,across
retro- Behind,backward
AGN Acute Glomerulonephritis
ARF Acute Renal Failure
ATN Acute Tubular Necrosis
ESRD End-Stage Renal Disease
ESWL Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotripsy
EU Excretory Urography
BNO Bladder Neck Obstruction
GU Genitourinary
BPH Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
HD Hemodialysis
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
HTN Hypertension
C & S Culture & Sensitivity
IVP Intravenous Pyelogram Intravenous Pyelography
Cath Catheterization;Catheter
K Potassium
CT Computed Tomography
KUB Kidney,Ureter,Bladder
cysto Cystoscopy
Na Sodium
DRE Digital Rectal Examination
PCNL Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
EBT External Beam Therapy
pH Symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
ED Erectile Dysfunction
PKD Polycystic Kidney Disease
EMG Electromyogram Electromyography
PSA Prostate-Specific Antigen
RP Retrograde Pyelogram Retrograde Pyelography
UA Urinalysis
sp.gr, Specific Gravity
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
TSE Testicular Self-Examination
VCUG Voiding Cystourethropgraphy Prostate
TURP Transurethral Resection Of The
VUR Vesicoureteral Reflux
Urology: Medicine concerned with male & female urinary disorders & diseases of the male reproductive system.
Urologist: Physician who specializes in diagnosis of Urinary diseases & disorders
Nephrology: Medicine concered specifically with disease of the Kidney,Electrolyte imbalance, renal transplantation, & dialysis therapy.
Pyelonephritis: Kidney infection, complicated urinary tract infection. Bacteria invades the renal pelvis & kidney tissue.
crypt/o Hidden
bacteri/o Bacteria
cali/o, calic/o Calyx
Permeable: Leaky
Calculi: Stones
Urolithiasis: Urinary Tract
prostat/o Prostate, Prostate Gland
Glomerul/o Glomerulus
-al,-ar Pertaining to
-algia Pain
-cele Hernia, Herniation of
-ectomy Excision
IVU: Intravenous Urography
a-,an- Lack of, without
dys- Painful,Difficult,Bad
epi- Above, on top
hyper- Excessive
hypo- Deficiency in, less than
juxta- Beside, next to
peri- Around
poly- Many,Much
A/G Albumin-globulin ratio
Antidiuretics: Reduce or control excretion of urine
Antispasmodics: Decreasr spasms in the urethra and bladder
Diuretics: Promote excretion of urine
Potassium Supplements Treat or prevent hypokalemia
Adrogens: Increase testosterone levels
Anti-impotence agents: Treat erectile dysfunction
Mechanical removal of urine wastes? Hemodialysis
Trigone triangular space at the base of the bladder where the ureters enter & the urethra leaves
3 kidney functions: Secretion, Excretion, Elimination
sperm is produced in the? Seminiferous tubules
What secretion does the Prostate Gland give and how much: 30% ; nutrilizes acidity
What secretion does the Seminal Vesicles give and how much: 60% ; Fructose so the sperm can eat!
What secretion does the Bulbourethral Glands give and how much: 5% ; lubrication for mobility