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P.K. Chap. 10 Vocab

Chapter 10

excommunicate cast out from the church
Pope Gregory -disapproved of a bishop chosen by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV -in 1073 Pope Gregory came to power in Rome. -had proven himself more powerful than the emperor
Emperor Henry IV -Angry that the pope questioned his authority -he got excommunicated -Desperate to stay in power, he stood barefoot in the snow outside the castle where Pope Gregory was staying.
Crusades a long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia.
Holy Land the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died.
Pope Urban II -he went to Roman Catholic Churches -he helped the Byzantine Empire from getting destroyed -helped the battle
King Richard -1157-1199 - Called Lion Heart for his courage - skilled soldier and great general
Saladin -1137-1193 - often called one of the greatest generals of the Middle Ages. - The Muslim leader successfully held Jerusalem against Richard in the Third Crusade. -was considered a wise leader.
clergy church officials
religious order a group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
Francis of Assisi -1182-1226 -son of a wealthy merchant -lived a simple life and just preached and tended people and humans
friars people who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public.
Thomas Aquinas -Dominican philosopher - teacher at University of Paris - argued that rational thought could be used to support Christian beliefs.
natural law a law that governed how the world operated.
Magna Carta a document listing rights that the king could not ignore
Parliament the lawmaking boday that governs England today.
Hundred Years' War a long conflict between England and France that came to be called its name
Joan of Arc - a teenage pheasant girl - rallied the French troops - Although the English eventually captured and killed Joan, it was too late.
Black Death a deadly plague that swept through Europe betwwen 1347 and 1351
heresy religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings
Reconquista efforts to retake Spain from the Moors
King Ferdinand - had an army - 1492 conquered Franada -made people convert to Christianity.
Queen Isabella - 1451-1504 - considered greatest monarchs in Spanish history. -encouraged religion and education and supported many artists
Spanish Inquisition an organization of priests that looked for and punished anyone in Spain suspected of secretly practicing their old religion.
Created by: 404775