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Revised Chapter 15 ♥

Antiseptic inhibits the growth and reproduction of microorganisms
Arteriole smallest branch of an artery.
Bowman's Capsule cup-shaped end of a renal tube containing a glumerulus.
Cortex the outer layer of a structure.
Cystoscope used to view the interior of the bladder.
Dialysate solution that passes through the kidney to remove excess fluid; BATH.
Dialysis process of removing waste products from the blood
Dwell Time length of time the solution stays in the peritoneal cavity
Fossa hollow or depression
Glomerular Filtrate substances that filter out of the blood through the thin walls of the glumeruli.
Glomerulus ball-shaped collection of very tiny coiled capillaries.
Hilum depression, or pit, of an organ.
Meatus opening or tunnel through any part of the body.
Medulla internal part of a structure.
Micturition act of eliminating urine from the bladder;
Nephrolith kidney stone
Peritoneum inner lining of the abdominal cavity
Peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
Pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
Renal Pelvis central collecting part of the kidney
Residual Urine urine left in the bladder after urination
Toxic poisonous
Turbid cloudy
Uremia presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood.
Ureter one of a pair of tubes that carries urine
Urinary Incontinence inability to control urination
Urine fluid released by the kidneys
Albuminuria presence of abnormally large amounts of protein in the urine.
Anuria stopping of urine production
Bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine.
Dysuria painful urination
Fatigue exhaustion
Frequency # of repetitions of any phenomenon
Glycosuria presence of sugar in the urine
Hematuria presence of blood in the urine
Ketonuria presence of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine.
Malaise vague feeling of weakness or discomfort.
Nocturia excessive urination, especially at night.
Oliguria secretion of a diminished amount.
Polydipsia excessive thirst
Polyuria excessive urination
Pyuria excessive # of white blood cells in the urine; pussy urine
Urgency feeling the need to urine immediately
Cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
Glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys
Hydronephrosis distension of the pelvis and calyces of the kidneys
Polycystic Kidney Disease grapelike fluid-filled sacs or cysts replace normal kidney tissue
Pyelonephritis bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidneys
Renal Failure slow development of kidney failure
Vesicoureteral Reflux abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter.
Hemodialysis process of removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood continually shunting the patient's blood from the body
Catheterization introduction of a catheter
Cystometrography exam performed to evaluate bladder tone
Cystoscopy process of viewing the interior of the bladder using a cystoscope
Intravenous Pyelogram excretory urogram. provides visualization of the entire urinary tract.
KUB x-ray that defines size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladders.
Retrograde Pyelogram small-ciber catheters are passed through a cystoscope into the ureters to visualize the ureters and the renal pelvis
Urinalysis physical, chemical, or microscopic exam of urine
24-hour Urine Specimen collection of all of the urine excreted by the person over a 24hr period
Voiding Cystourethrogram x-ray visualization of the bladder and urethra during the voiding process
Clean-Catch Specimen used to avoid contamination of the urine specimen.
First-Voided Specimen morning pee.
Random Specimen urine specimen collected at any time.
Created by: kmariemurray