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Stack #834307

________ is data that has beeInformation
Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data-processing functions of a computer? analyzing the data or information
Computers gather data, which means that they allow users to ________ data. input
After a picture has been taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately, the actual print of the picture is considered: output
The ________ language consists of just two digits: 0 and 1. binary
________ binary digits (or bits) combine to create one byte. Eight
The term "bit" is short for: binary digit.
Computers process data into information by working exclusively with: numbers
________ is the set of computer programs that enables the hardware to perform different tasks. Software
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special character is made up of a unique combination of eight bits.
A ________ is approximately 1 billion bytes. gigabyte
A ________ is approximately 1 million bytes. megabyte
________ software is the set of programs that enables the computer's hardware devices and application software to work together. System
Any computer parts that you can actually touch are considered to be: hardware
The ________ contains all of the central electronic components of the computer. motherboard
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home. Embedded
Devices such as monitors and printers that are connected to the computer are called: peripheral devices.
All the following are examples of input devices EXCEPT a: printer
Which of the following is an example of an input device? a scanner
A(n) ________ enables you to enter data (text, images, and sound) and instructions (user responses and commands) into the computer. input device
A(n) ________ is a device that looks like a skinny pen but has no ink. stylus
A ________ is a portable computer that features a touch-sensitive screen and handwriting recognition software. Tablet PC
The ________ is used in combination with other keys to perform shortcuts and special tasks. Control (Ctrl) key
________ are shortcut keys that you press to perform special tasks; each software application has its own set of tasks assigned to these keys. Function keys
The small, touch-sensitive area at the base of the keyboard on a notebook computer is known as a: touchpad
A(n) ________ uses an internal sensor or laser to detect the mouse's movement. optical mouse
________ microphones pick up sound from only one direction. Unidirectional
The type of monitor that looks like a traditional television set is called a ________ monitor. cathode-ray tube (CRT)
Monitor screen grids are made up of millions of pixels, with each pixel containing ________ subpixels of colors. three
The term ________ describes computing devices or peripherals that use techniques, parts, and methods from an earlier time that are no longer popular. legacy technology
________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon. Impact
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers. nonimpact
________ are large printers used to produce oversize pictures that require precise continuous lines, such as maps and architectural plans. Plotters
Restarting a computer when it is already powered on is called: a warm boot.
The ________, housed inside the system unit, regulates the wall voltage to the voltages required by the computer chips. power supply
________ is a power mode that allows the computer to save an image of the desktop and enter a state of reduced power consumption to save energy. Hibernate
The hard disk drive is a ________ storage device, meaning that it stores data permanently. nonvolatile
Flash drives plug into a(n): USB port.
A ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system. port
________ ports are now the most common ports for connecting input and output devices to the computer. Universal serial bus
USB ports are fast replacing traditional ________ and ________ ports because of their ability to transfer data quickly. parallel, serial
The S-video and the ________ ports on a computer facilitate connecting the computer to multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players. DVI
The ________ port resembles a standard phone jack. modem
________ plug into slots on the motherboard and provide additional functionality for your computer. Expansion cards
________ are a form of permanent storage that can be seen and accessed from outside the system unit and are typically used for CD and DVD drives. External drive bays
A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet. network interface card (NIC)
________ is a form of permanent memory that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up. ROM
RAM is considered volatile storage, which means it is: temporary
________ is the place in a computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are stored. RAM
________ is the applied science concerned with designing and arranging things that people use so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely. Ergonomics
Large, expensive computers that support hundreds of users simultaneously are called: mainframes
Created by: crm13m on 2012-01-29

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