|________ is data that has bee||Information
|Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data-processing functions of a computer? ||analyzing the data or information
|Computers gather data, which means that they allow users to ________ data. ||input|
|After a picture has been taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately, the actual print of the picture is considered: ||output|
|The ________ language consists of just two digits: 0 and 1. ||binary|
|________ binary digits (or bits) combine to create one byte. ||Eight|
|The term "bit" is short for:
|Computers process data into information by working exclusively with: ||numbers|
|________ is the set of computer programs that enables the hardware to perform different tasks. ||Software|
|In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special character is made up of a unique combination of ||eight bits.|
|A ________ is approximately 1 billion bytes. ||gigabyte|
|A ________ is approximately 1 million bytes. ||megabyte|
|________ software is the set of programs that enables the computer's hardware devices and application software to work together. ||System
|Any computer parts that you can actually touch are considered to be: ||hardware
|The ________ contains all of the central electronic components of the computer. ||motherboard
|________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home. ||Embedded|
|Devices such as monitors and printers that are connected to the computer are called: ||peripheral devices.|
|All the following are examples of input devices EXCEPT a:
|Which of the following is an example of an input device?
|A(n) ________ enables you to enter data (text, images, and sound) and instructions (user responses and commands) into the computer. ||input device|
|A(n) ________ is a device that looks like a skinny pen but has no ink.
|A ________ is a portable computer that features a touch-sensitive screen and handwriting recognition software.
|The ________ is used in combination with other keys to perform shortcuts and special tasks. ||Control (Ctrl) key|
|________ are shortcut keys that you press to perform special tasks; each software application has its own set of tasks assigned to these keys. ||Function keys|
|The small, touch-sensitive area at the base of the keyboard on a notebook computer is known as a: ||touchpad
|A(n) ________ uses an internal sensor or laser to detect the mouse's movement. ||optical mouse|
|________ microphones pick up sound from only one direction. ||Unidirectional
|The type of monitor that looks like a traditional television set is called a ________ monitor. ||cathode-ray tube (CRT)|
|Monitor screen grids are made up of millions of pixels, with each pixel containing ________ subpixels of colors. ||three
|The term ________ describes computing devices or peripherals that use techniques, parts, and methods from an earlier time that are no longer popular. ||legacy technology|
|________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon.
|Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers.
|________ are large printers used to produce oversize pictures that require precise continuous lines, such as maps and architectural plans. ||Plotters
|Restarting a computer when it is already powered on is called:
||a warm boot.|
|The ________, housed inside the system unit, regulates the wall voltage to the voltages required by the computer chips.
|________ is a power mode that allows the computer to save an image of the desktop and enter a state of reduced power consumption to save energy.
|The hard disk drive is a ________ storage device, meaning that it stores data permanently.
|Flash drives plug into a(n):
|A ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.
|________ ports are now the most common ports for connecting input and output devices to the computer.
||Universal serial bus|
|USB ports are fast replacing traditional ________ and ________ ports because of their ability to transfer data quickly.
|The S-video and the ________ ports on a computer facilitate connecting the computer to multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players.
|The ________ port resembles a standard phone jack.
|________ plug into slots on the motherboard and provide additional functionality for your computer.
|________ are a form of permanent storage that can be seen and accessed from outside the system unit and are typically used for CD and DVD drives.
||External drive bays|
|A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet.
||network interface card (NIC)|
|________ is a form of permanent memory that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up.
|RAM is considered volatile storage, which means it is:
|________ is the place in a computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are stored.
|________ is the applied science concerned with designing and arranging things that people use so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely.
|Large, expensive computers that support hundreds of users simultaneously are called: