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Medical Language

cardiovascular, immune & lymphatic systems & blood Chapter 10

thorac/o chest
thoracodynia a condition of chest pain
card/o, cardi/o, coron/o heart
tachycardia a condition of a fast heart (pulse)
bacterial endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium) caused by bacteria
myocarditis inflammation of the myocardium (muscle layer) of the heart
myocardium muscle layer of the heart
pericardiocentesis surgical puncture of the pericardium (membraneous sac surrounding the heart)
pericardium membraneous sac surrounding the heart
pericardiostomy a new or artificial opening into the pericardium
cardiologist a specialist in the study of the heart
cardiodynia pain in the heart
dynia or algia pain
phono sound
phonocardiogram a record of heart sounds
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease condition of the heart muscle
electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) a record of the electrical activity of the heart
echocardiography (ECHO) the process of recording the heart using sound
Diagnostic Imaging (DI) using sound is AKA sonography, untrasound, or doppler
Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE) a record of the heart using sound waves transmitted across the esophagus
The escophagus connects the pharynx (throat) to the stomach
pharynx throat
CardioPulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation (breathing) and cardiac massage AKA Basic Life Support (BLS)
cardiac catheterization ("cardiac cath") introduction of a catheter (small flexible tube) into the heart to determine cardiac disease AKA angiocardiography or coronary arteriography
catheter small flexible tube
cardian scan diagnostic imaging (DI) of the heart after introduction of a radioactive material
radioactive imaging is performed in nuclear medicine
Contrast or (Radiopaque) materials that illuminate when exposed to x-ray
coronary thrombosis an abnormal condition of a thrombus (clot) in a coronary artery
coronary arteries are the vessels that deliver oxygenated blood to the heart tissue
coronary occlusion (obstruction, or infarction) an obstruction (infarction) of a coronary artery AKA Myocardial Infarction (MI) or "heart attack"
embolus (embolism) or emboli a floating clot
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) an abnormal condition of a clot in a deep vein of a leg
sedentary lifestyle little or no regular exercise
TED hose or Jobst stockings antiemboli (compression) hose
TED stands for ThromboEmbolism Deterrent
ebolectomy surgical removal of an embolus (floating clot)
myocardial ischemia starvation of oxygenated blood to the cardia muscle AKA Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
ischemia starvation of oxygenated blood
angina pectoris thoracodynia caused by an ischemic heart
intracoronary thrombolytic therapy a treatment to break up a clot(s) within the coronary arteries AKA "Clot Buster"
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) surgical repair of a coronary artery(ies) using a catheter (small flexible tube) with an inflatable balloon
lumen (lumina) the inside diameter(s) of a vessel
coronary stent a device that prevents closure after an angioplasty
necr/o death
myocardial necrosis death of the heart muscle
valv/o or valvul/o valve
valvotomy surgical incision of a valve
valvuloplasty surgical repair of a heart valve
heart murmur the sound caused from regurgitation of blood past an incompetent valve
regurgitation back flow or reflux
another name for Murmur bruit (bruee, sounds like)
vas/o, vascul/o, angi/o (blood) vessel(s)
vasodilation increased diameter of blood vessels
vasoconstriction decreased diameter of blood vessels
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and (blood) vessels
peripheral vascular pertaining to the blood vessels outside of the heart
angiospasm an involuntary muscle contraction of a (blood) vessel
angiogram a record of a (blood) vessel
angiostenosis narrowing of a (blood) vessel
angiocarditis inflammation of a heart vessel
angioma a tumor or mass of a (blood) vessel
angioscopy the process of using a usually lighted instrument to view a (blood) vessel
angiography the process of recording (blood) vessel
arter/o or arteri/o artery(ies)
arteriorrhexis rupture of an artery
arteriography the process of recording arteries
polyarteritis inflammation of many arteries
arteriogram a record of an artery
arteriol/o or arteriole(s) small arteries
arteriolitis inflammation of arterioles (small artery(ies))
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
osis abnormal condition
-scler hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries
ather/o fatty plaque
atherosclerosis an abnormal condition of hardening (of the arteries) caused by fatty plaque
Atherosclerosis will cause arterial stenosis (narrowing)
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) stenosis of a coronary artery(ies) caused by atherosclerosis
atherectomy surgical removal of fatty plaque
endarterectomy surgical removal of within an artery
cholesterol/o cholesterol
Cholesterol is one type of saturated fat (lipid).
hypercholesterolemia a blood condition of excessive cholesterol
lipid profile blood test for cholesterol, triglycerides, Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) HDL is AKA "good cholesterol"
aneurysm/o aneurysm
aneurysm is a weakness in an arterial septum (wall)
septum wall
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) a weakness in the abdominal aortic septum
Aorta is the largest artery in the body
dissecting aneurysm tearing of an aneurysm
dissecting tearing
phelb/o, ven/o, ven/i vein(s)
venous pertaining to a vein
venogram a record of a vein
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
phelbectomy surgical removal of a vein
phlebography the process of recording a vein
venipuncture surgical puncture of a vein AKA phlebotomy
varicose veins (varicosities) superficial, swollen, twisted, knotty, veins of a leg
ligation (ligate) and stripping tying and removing
hemorrhoid/o hemorrhoid(s)
Hemorrhoids are swollen twisted vein(s) of the anal region.
hemorrhoidectomy excision of a hemorrhoid
venul/o venule
venules are small veins
capillari/o capillaries
capillaries are microscopic arteries and veins where respiration takes place
Respiration is the exchange of gasses
the gasses exchanged are oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)
hem/o or hemat/o blood
hemolysis (hemostatic) the stoppage or controlling of bleeding
stasis or static stop or control
hemorrhage (hemorrahgie) the rapid flow of blood
hematologist a specialist in the study of blood
hematoma a mass of blood
lymph/o lymph
Lymph is immune tissue
aden/o gland
lymphadenopathy disease condition (edema) of the lymph glands
edema swelling
lymphoma tumor or mass of the lymph
lymphadenitis inflammation of (a) lymph glands (nodes)
lymphangiogram a record of the lymph vessels
splen/o spleen
the spleen is lymph tissue and is a reservoir (storage container) for erythorocytes (RBC's (red blood cells))
lymphactic system is a circulatory system without a pump
splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
erythrocytes Red Blood Cells (RBC's)
Erythrocytes (RBC's) carry oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)
plasm/o plasma
Plasma is the liquid portion of the blood AKA serum
-apheresis remove
plasmapheresis removal of plasma from donated blood and the return of erythrocytes (RBC's), leukocytes (WBC's) and thrombocytes (platelets) to the patient
-poiesis formation
blood formation occurs in the bone marrow (Myel/o)
Myel/o bone marrow
myelogenic pertaining to creation by the bone marrow
hematopoiesis the formation of blood
erythropoiesis the formation of erythrocytes (RBC's)
leukopoiesis the formation of leukocytes (WBC's)
thrombopoiesis the formation of thrombocytes (clot cells)
thrombocytes are clot cells AKA platelets
leukocytosis an abnormal condition of excessive leukocytes (WBC's)
osis when referring to cells always mean an abnormal condition of EXCESSIVE
thrombocytopenia a deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets)
morph/o shapes
morphology the study of shapes
prophylaxis or prophylactic to prevent or protect
sternotomy surgical incision of the sternum (breastbone)
Hypertensive Heart Disease (HHD) heart disease caused by chronic high blood pressure(HyperTensioN (HTN))
hypertension (HTN) high blood pressure
chronic persistent or recurring
hypotension low blood pressure
arrhythmia (dysrhythmia) abnormal cardiac electrical impulses (a condition of no rhythm)
palpitation(s) chest discomfort caused by an arrhythmia
Holter monitor ambulatory EKG device worn by a patient for 24 hours to detect arrhythmias
artificial pacemaker device implanted under the skin to regulate heart rate
anticoagulant against coagulation (clotting)
femoropopliteal ("fempop") bypass surgery to establish an alternate route for blood flow between the femoral and popliteal arteries
Excessive Tolerance Test (ETT) test of heart function while the patient is exercising AKA treadmill stress test
hypothermia (hypothermic) a condition of deficient body heat
hyperthermia (hyperthermic) a condition of excessive body heat
anastomosis (anastomoses) joining(s)
malaise a feeling of being unwell
exacerbate (exacerbation) to get worse or make worse
gangrene (gangrenous) putrefaction (rot) of tissue
Putrefaction (putrefy) is caused by microbial proliferation (growth in numbers)
adipose tissue fat tissue
patent open
paroxysmal sudden
infiltrate (infiltration) to pass into or through
bone marrow biopsy (Bx) pathologic analysis of a bone marrow tissue sample to diagnose blood disorders
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
AMI Acute Myocardial Infarction
Acute means sudden
CBC Complete Blood Count
H & H Hemoglobin and Hematocrit
Hemoglobin is a blood protein found inside RBC's and necessary for respiration
Healthy Hemoglobin requires iron (Fe)
CCU Coronary Care Unit
CCU step down is called telemetry
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
PVD Peripheral Vascular Disease AKA Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
a graft refers to transplanted tissue
GVHR Graft Versus Host Reaction
GVHR refers to rejection of a graft
CPK (CK) and troponin serum enzymes that elevate with muscle (cardiac) damage
ICD Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed