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Greek Vocab?


mattock a heavy hoe which was the cheif-tool of Greek farmers
drama a serious play or theatrical event
metics a class of people in Athens who were not citizens
Helots one of the Spartans slave classes
city-state a self governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
Homer a Greek epic poet and author pf the Iliad and Odyssey
monarchy a system of govrenment in which a monarch- a king, queen, or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler
oligarchy a system of govrenment in which a few people rule
democracy a system of govrenment in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives
tyrant a ruler who has absolute power (not limited by a constitution or by other officals)
polis a city-state in Ancient Greece
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water color
Peloponnesus a hilly major peninsulain Greece
ostracized shunned, avoided
oracle places where the gods spoke to man
phalanx spcial Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closed pressed together
philosophy the study of the meaning and knowlage of life
Sophocles a famous Greek writer
Pericles a Greek leader of the Golden Age
Ionia a group of Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians the name given by the Greeks to people who were not Greek
colonies areas set up in conqured lands by the Greek city states for use when they themselves became overpopulated
Minoan an ancient Cretan civilization
myths legands or stories that attempt to explain natural events
Dorians a group that invaded Greece around 1000 BC
Hellenes the name the Dorians gave themselves
Acroplis a hilltop fortress in Ancient Athens which included the Patheonon and other famous buildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community
agora the central matketplace in Ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and government buildings
Created by: lacyacey