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Vocab World Geo

Chapter 21 and 22 vocab

Mecca A city in western Saudi Arabia, considered by Muslims to be the holiest city of Islam
Islam 1.The religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
OPEC An association of twelve major oil-producing countries, founded in 1960 to coordinate policies and prices
Western Wall 1.A high wall in Jerusalem said to stand on the site of Herod's temple, where Jews traditionally pray and lament on Fridays
Dome of the Rock An Islamic shrine in Jerusalem, for Muslims the third most holy place after Mecca and Medina.
Zionism 1.A movement for (originally) the reestablishment and (now) the development and protection of a Jewish nation in what is now Israel
Palestine Liberation Organization 1.A political and military organization formed in 1964 to unite various Palestinian Arab groups and ultimately to bring about an independent state of Palestine
Sunni 1.One of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs
Shi'ite a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Taliban 1.A fundamentalist Muslim movement whose militia took control of much of Afghanistan from early 1995, and in 1996 took Kabul and set up a radical Islamic state
Golan Heights 1.A fundamentalist Muslim movement whose militia took control of much of Afghanistan from early 1995, and in 1996 took Kabul and set up a radical Islamic state
Tigris River Importance an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River
Euphrates River Importance a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
Oasis 1.A fertile spot in a desert where water is found
Salt Flat a flat expanse of salt left by the evaporation of a body of salt water
Drip irrigation Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation or microirrigation, is an irrigation method which saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone
desalinization the removal of salt (especially from sea water)
Crude Oil petroleum: a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
Refinery 1.An industrial installation where a substance is refined
Wadi 1.(in certain Arabic-speaking countries) A valley, ravine, or channel that is dry except in the rainy season
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