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HHS Musculoskeletal

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures Muscles

Skeletal Muscles voluntary muscles, striated, muscles that we use for conscious movement
Adduction moves closer to the midline
abduction moves away from the midline
flexion decreases the angle of a joint
extension increases the angle of a joint
rotation moves a bone around its own axis
pronation turns the palm down
supination turns the palm up
inversion moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion moves the sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
plantar flexion lowers the foot, points the toe
Cardiac Muscle found only in heart, striated, involuntary
smooth muscles involuntary, visceral muscles,
Arthritis inflammation of a joint, pain, swelling, changes in structure
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Systemic disease, inflammatory changes in joints and their related structures, crippling deformities, autoimmune reaction
Muscular Dystrophy Genetic disease characterized by gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) Neuromuscular disorder causes fluctuating weakness of certain skeletal muscle groups
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) Painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel
Contracture Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint
Hypotonia loss of muscular tone or diminished resistance to passive stretching
Sprain tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
Strain To exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
Arthrocentesis Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid
Arthroscopy Visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structures using a thin, flexible fiberoptic scope
Exacerbation Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms