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K4 Abbreviations

Nursing Abbr.

/_\ (Triangle) Change
o degrees or hours
-a- before
AAOx4 awake, alert, and oriented X4
abd abdomen
ABG arterial blood gas
AC antecubital
a.c. before meals
ADA American Diabetes Association
ADL activities of daily living
ad lib as desired
AFA appropriate for age
AKA above knee amputation
alb albumin
ALOC altered level of consciousness
AMA against medical advice
amb ambulate
as tol as tolerated
ASA aspirin
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
Ax axillary
bid twice a day
BKA below knee amputation
BLE bilateral lower extremities
BM bowel movement
BMP basic metabolic panel
BPH benign prostatic hypertorphy
BR bedrest
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum
BRP bathroom privileges
BS bedside
BS bowel sounds
BSC bedside commode
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BX biopsy
c/o complains of, complaints of
CA cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cap capsule
CDB cough and deep breath
C/D/I clean, dry, intact
CHF congestive heart failure
CMP complete metabolic panel
CMS circulation, movement, sensation
CNS central nervous system
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP chest pain
CPM continuous passive motion
C&S culture and sensitivity
CT computerized tomography
CTA clear to auscultation
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVD cardiovascular disease
CXR chest X-ray
DAT diet as tolerated
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DP dorsalis pedis
drsg dressing
DSD dry sterile dressing
DVT deep vein throbosis
DX diagnosis
ECF extended care facility
ECG/EKG electrocardiogram
ED emergency department
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ESRD end stage renal
ERSD end stage renal disease
FA forearm
FBS fasting blood sugar
FC foley catheter
FFP fresh frozen plasma
F/U follow up
FUO fever of undetermined origin
FWB full weight bearing
fx fracture
GCS Glasgow coma scale
G-tube gastrostomy tube
GU genitourinary
HA headache
Hct hemotocrit
HD hemodialysis
Hgb hemoglobin
H&H hemoglobin and hematocrit
HOB head of bed
HOH hard of hearing
H&P history and physical
HR heart rate
hs at bedtime
HTN hypertension
I&D incision and drainage
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus incontinent
inc incontinent
IM intramuscular
I&O intake and output
IS incentive spirometer
IV intravenous
J-tube jejunostomy tube
JVD jugular vein distention
K potassium
KCL potassium chloride
KVO keep vein open
KUB kidneys, ureters, and bladder x-ray
L left
LE lower extremity
Ig large
LLL left lower lobe (lung)
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMP last menstrual period
LUL left upper lobe (lung)
MAE moves all extremities
mg milligrams
MOM milk of magnesia
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphlococcus aureus
MAR medication administration records
MM mucous membranes
MVA motor vehicle accident
NAD no apparent distress
NCP nursing care plan
NGT nasogastric tube
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA no known allergies
NS normal saline
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V/D nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
NWB non-weight bearing
OA osteoarthritis
OBS organic brain syndrome
OOB out of bed
ORIF open reduction and internal fixation
_ p after
pc after meals
per by, or through
PCN Penicillin
PCXR portable chest X-ray
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PERL pupils equal and reactive to light
PERLA pupils equal and reactive to light and accomodation
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PICC peripherally inserted central catheter
PMH past medical history
po by mouth
POD postoperative day
post after
pre before
PR per rectum
PRN as needed
Pt patient
PT physical therapy
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PWB partial weight bearing
q2h every 2 hours
R right
R/O rule out
RR regular rhythm
RUL right upper quadrant
Rx prescription
_ s without
sat saturation
SL sublingual
SNF skilled nursing facility
SOB shortness of breath
S/P status post
spec specimen
S/S signs and symptoms
SSE soaps suds enema
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STAT at once
SW social worker
sx symptom
TCDB turn, cough, deep breathe
TDWB touch down weight bearing
THA total hip arthroplasty
THR total hip replacement
TIA transient ischemic attack
T.O telephone order
tol tolerated
TWE tap water enema
TPN total parental nutrition
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
TURP transurethal resection of the prostate
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
UE upper extremity
UGI upper gastrointestinal
UO urine output
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultrasound
VO verbal order
VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococcus
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
WBC white blood cell
W/C wheelchair
W&D warm and dry
WNL within normal limits
VS vital signs
Created by: kimtu05