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Digestive APII

Digestion AP II

What are the portal triads (liver)? 1) Hepatic Vein, 2) Hepatic Artery, 3)Hepatic duct
What is a network of autonomic nerve fibers? Myenteric Plexus
What is the function of the Kuffner cells? They remove waste, remove damaged red blood cells, remove bacteria
What is a Volvus? Twisting of the bowels
What ligament attaches the liver to the abdominal wall? Faliciform ligament
What does mucose consist of? Smooth Muscle, Epthelial (stratisfied), underlying connective tissue
What is the color of pigment of bile? Bilirubin
Name the curve between tghe ascending and transverse of the colon. Hepatic Flexure
What is the region of the body that the liver is located? Hypochondriac Epicgastric
What is the process used to breakdown the complex molecules in food? Hydrolysis (by water)
How many lobes is the liver divided into four lobes
How old are you when premolars come in? 9-11 years old
What is excreted from the liver? Bile, Hormones, Cholesteral
What is the primary function of the large intestine? Reaborbes fluid and electrolytes, removes waste
What are the sinusoids line with? Kuffner Cells.
Name the layers of the wall of the digestive tract? Mucosa, Submucosa, serosa
What is stored in the liver? Iron, Vitamins A,B12, D, E, K and Glycogen and Bile Salts
What is a polyup? a benign or malignant growth from the lining of the colon
What is cirossis (of the liver)? a chronic disease marked by degeneration of liver cells with eventual resistance of blood flow
What are the four parts of the large intestine? Cecum, Transverse, Ascending, Descending (Symoid), Rectum
In carbohydrate metabolism, what is the eventual result? Monosaccarides (GLUCOSE)
Quiz: The digestive tract is also known as the Gastrointestinal tract
Quiz: the digestive tract is made up of what Mouth and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Intestines
Quiz: Which of the following accessory organs is NOT included in the digestive system? Tongue, Salivary Glands, Kidneys, Pancreas not the kidneys
Quiz: the taking in of food is known as: Ingestion
Quiz: Food is broken down into small particles through the mixing actions of the stomach through a process known as: Mechanical digestion
Quiz: What is the term for the rhymthmic waves of contractions that propel food particles through the digestive tract? Peristalsis
Quiz: What is the inner most layer of the digestive tract? Mucosa
Quiz: Which of the following consists of folds of skeletal muscle covered by a thin transparent epithelium? Lips, Cheeks, Tongue, Hard Palate The lips
Quiz: Which of the following directs food away from the nasal cavity and into the oropharynx during swallowing? Teeth, Hard palate and ulvula, lingual tonsils, or soft palatate and uvula Soft palate and uvula
Quiz: All of the following are functions of the tongue except: Mixes food with saliva, shapes food into a bolus, directs food toward the pharynx, or secretes digestive enzymes Secretes digestive enzymes
Quiz: Which of the following connects the tongue anteriorly to the floor of the mouth? Papillae, Frenulum Linguae, Buccinator Muscle or Salivary Glands Frenulum Linguae
Quiz: What is the total number of secondary teeth? 32
Quiz: Which of the following teeth have sharp edges that are used for biting food? Incisors
Quiz: Which salivary glands are located on each side of the head, just in front of the ears? Palantine, Parotid, Submandibular, Sublingual Parotid
Quiz: All of the following are functions of saliva EXCEPT: Cleanses the teeth, Moistens the food, Lubricates the food, Begins the chemical degestions of proteins Begins the chemical digestion of proteins
Quiz: Which of the following opens into both the esophagus and larynx? Nasopharynx, Larygopharynx, Oropharynx, Fauces Laryngopharynx
Quiz: Which of the following provides a passageway for food between the pharynx and stomach? Larynx, Trachea, Esophagus, Oropharynx Esophagus
Quiz: Which of the followibng acts as a valve between the somach and small intestine? Cardiac Sphincter, Pyloric Sphincter, Esophageal Sphincter or Fauces Pyloric Sphincter
Quiz: Longitudinal folds in the wall of the stomach that allow the stomach to expand are known as: Rugae, Villi, Fundus, Striations Rugae
Quiz: Which of the following aids in the absorption of vitamin B12 from the digestive tract? Mucus, Hydrochloric Acid, Intrinsic Factor, Pepsinogen, All of the above Intrinsic Factor
Quiz: What is the name of the semifluid that results when food is broken down in the stomach? Ssaliva, Bile, Chyme, Mucus Chyme
Quiz: How long does it ake the stomach to empty after eating a meal? 1 hour, 4 hours, 8 hours, or 12 hours 4 hours
Quiz: What is the first part of the small intestine? Sigmoid Colon, Ileum, Duodenum, Jejunum Duodenum
Quiz: What is the name of the valve located between the small intestine and the large intestine? Ileoceal Valve, Cardiac Valve, Phyloric Valve, or mitral Valve Ileocecal Valve
Quiz: The appendix is attached to the: Stomach, Duodenum, Cecum, Rectum Cecum
Quiz: What is the name of the S-Shaped portion of the colon? Ascending Colon, Descending Colon, Sigmoid Colon, Transverse Colon Sigmoid Colon
Quiz: What is the function of the large intestine? Production of digestive enzymes, Elimination of waster prodcuts, Absorption of nutriends, Breakdown of food molecules? Elimination of waste products
Quiz; What are hepatocytes? Liver cells, Pancreatic cells, Kidney cells, Gallbladder Cells Liver Cells
Quiz: Which of the folloiwng are stored in the liver? Vitamin K, Iron, Glycogen, Vitamin, or All of the Above All of the above
Quiz: Which of the folliwn cells located in the liver remove bacteria, damaged red blood cells and other particles from the blood? Macrophages, Globlet Cells, Kupffer Cells, Alpha Cells Kupffer Cells
Quiz: Which of the following emulisifies fact into small fat droplets? Amylase, Cholestrerol, Lipase, Bile Salts Bile Salts
Quiz: Which of the following is a waster product that results from the breakdown of hemoglobin? Urea, Bilirubin, Triglyerides, All of the Above? Bilirubin
Quiz: What is the function of the gallbladder? Stores vile, Secretes bile, Stores hemoglobin, Breaks down fat Stores Bile
Quiz: What causes contraction of the gallbladder? Chloecystokinin, Gastrin, Presence of fat in the stomach, Secretin Cholecystokinin
Quiz: What is the end product of protein digestion? Glucose, Fatty acids, amino acids, Fructose Amino acids
Quiz; Visible portion of the tooth Crown
Quiz: Connective tissue that surrounds the dentin in the root Cementum
Created by: dwall2674