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Cardio. key terms

Medical HUC

aneurysm balloon-like enlargement of the artery wall
angina choking, suffocating, and cheast pains caused by insufficient oxygen to the heart
antiarrhythmic medication to control irregularities of the heartbeat
anticoagulant medication to low and prevent clotting (thrombolytic)
antihypertensive medication to lower high bp
anemia, aplatic absence of all formed blood elements
arrhythmia loss of a normal rythym
arteritis inflammation of the arteries
atheroma fatty deposit within the wall of the artery
atherosclerosis hardening/narrowing of the arteries due to cholesterol plaques
bradycardia abnormally slow heartbeat
cardiac catheterization placement of a catheter through vein or artery into the heart
cholesterol lipids that travel in blood packages (lipoprotein)
defibrillation electric shock to restore the heart's normal rythym.
diastolic lowest pressure against the blood vessel's walls
electrocardiogram record of the electrical activity of the myocardium
embolism Blocked vessel by an embolus.
fibrillation Rapid, random, and ineffective contractions of the heart
hemoglobin blood test that measures the average blood glucose level over the previous three to four months
hemostasis to control bleeding
hypoperfusion - A deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part.
ischemia Deficiency in blood supply due to either the constriction or the obstruction of a blood vessel.
palpitation An examination technique in which the examiners hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
plaque A solid raised area of skin that is different form the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter.
systolic Which occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels.
tachycardia an abnormally fast heartbeat
Created by: Nataliee