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Respiratory System

Med Term

Asphyxia Extreme decrease in the amount of oxygen in the body with increase of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death
Asthma spasm and narrowing of bronchi, leading to bronchial airway obstruction
Atelectasis Collapsed lung
Emphysema Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls. Along with chronic bronchitis & asthma they are a type of COPD
Hemoptysis Spitting up of blood
Hemothorax blood in pleural cavity
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
Pneumonia Inflamm and infection of aveoli, which will fill with pus or products of the inflamm reaction
Tuberculosis infectious disease caused by bacteria.
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the bronchi tubes with an endoscope
Chest X-ray Film X-ray image of the chest in an AP (anteroposterior), PA (posteroanterior), or lateral view
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan cross-sectional x-ray images of the chest
Laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx via the placement of a flexible tube through the nose or mouth and into the larynx
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) magnetic waves and radiofrequency waves create images of the chest in 3 planes of the body
Pulmonary angiography x-ray images are taken of the blood vessels in the lung after the injection of contrast into a blood vessel. A blockage can be located with this procedure, such as an embolism
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) Measurement of the ventilation of the lungs.
Pulmonary Ventilation-Perfusion Scans Procedures that show air flow and blood supply to the lungs via the distribution of radioactive material in the lung tissue after the radioactive material is intravenously injected or inhaled
Sputum Test a patient expels sputum by coughing and the sputum is analyzed for bacterial content
Endotracheal Intubation a tube is placed through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway during surgery and for placement on a respirator machine that moves air into and out of the lungs
Thoracentesis a needle is inserted through the skin between the ribs and into the pleural space to drain a pleural effusion
Thoracotomy incision of the chest to remove a lung or a portion of the lung
Tracheostomy creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck and the insertion of a tube to create an airway
ABG aterial blood gas
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
C-PAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR chest xray
O2 oxygen
MDI metered dose inhaler
PE pulmonary embolism
PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure
PFTs pulmonary function tests
SOB shortness of breath
URI upper respiratory infection
VATS video-assisted thoracic surgery
VQ ventilation-perfusion scan
CPT chest physical therapy
Created by: dcarafa