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Ch 18 Africa

final exam words

Nile River world's longest river, flows 4000 mi through Uganda,Sudan & Egypt. 95% of Egyptians depend this water for irragation.
Mount Kilimanjaro Africa's highest Mountain, volcano, Tanzania, Africa
Coffee most profitable commodity, continent grows 20% of the world's supply
Climate areas mostly desert, tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, semiarid
Aquifer an undeground layer of rock that stores water
Aswan High Dam a dam on the Nile River in Egypt, completed in 1970, which increased egypt's farmable land by 50% and protected it from droughts and floods. Gives regular supply of water.
Rift Valleys a long thin valley created by the moving apart of the continental plates, show that the eastern part of africa is pulling away from the rest of Africa
Escarpment a steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top, the Great Escarpment marks the edge of the continent's plateau in Southern Africa
Sahara Desert largest desert in the world, means desert in Arabic, stretches 3000 mi, only 20% of Sahara consists of sand & mts, gravel from rest, reach very high temp. & frezzing temps too
Serengenti Plain area of East Africa containing some of the best grasslands in the world and many grazing animals, place where the largest numbers of land mammals make annual immigrations
Desertification an expansion of dry conditions to moist areas that next to deserts, human activity is speeding up the process
Created by: DanielaCavallo