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HHS Final Review

Diagnostic and Symptomatic terms for Final Review

eczema Chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly itching
cellulitis diffuse widespread acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
pallor unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
petechial minute pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
erythema redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
ecchymosis skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area
asthma spasms of the bronchial passages that may be sudden and violent and lead to dyspnea
Pneumonia an inflammatory disease of the lungs that may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi
Asphyxia condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
hypoxemia deficiency of oxygen in the blood
pertussis acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound
pulmonary embolus blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter
Arteriosclerosis a hardening of arterial walls causing them to become thickened and brittle
varicose veins enlarged, twisted, superficial veins
arrhythmia Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm, possible including a rapid or slow beat
hypertension Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140mmHg systolic or 90mmHg diastolic
Infarct area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
Ischemia local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
Edema an abnormal accumulation of fluids in the intercellular spaces of the body
hematoma localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
hemolysis destruction of RBC's with a release of hemoglobin that diffuses into the surrounding fluid
Septicemia serious, life threatening bloodstream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body
Autoimmunity the failure of the body to distinguish accurately between "self" and "nonself"
concussion Injury to the brain, occasionally with transient loss of consciousness as a result of injury or trauma to the head
dyslexia inability to learn and process written language despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability and exposure
palsy paralysis, usually partial, and commonly characterized by weakness and shaking or uncontrolled tremor
Paralysis Loss of voluntary motion in one or more muscle groups with or without loss of sensation
syncope temporary loss of consciousness due to the sudden decline of blood flow to the brain
ataxia Lack of muscle coordination in the execution of voluntary movement
Bx biopsy
CBC complete blood count
Dx Diagnostic
Sx symptoms
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
CA cancer
ID intradermal
IV intravenous
SubQ subcutaneous
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Hgb Hemoglobin
Hct Hematocrit
HIV Human Immunodeficiency virus
CXR Chest X-Ray
CPR CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
HX History
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CNS central nervous system
LOC loss of consciousness
R/O rule out