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History Vocabulay

important history words/battles

Treaty of Tordesillas moved the Line of Demarcation 800 miles farther to the west. Divided the western hemisphere between Spain and Portugal.
Mercantilism Increase the money in a countries treasury by having a favorable balance of trade.(More exports than imports)
Hernando Cortes A Spanish sailor and Conquistdor-conquered the Aztecs.
Montezuma The Aztec emperor
The main reasons why the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztecs 1)The spread of European diseases killed millions of Native Americans 2)The Spanish were excellent soilders and sailors 3)Spain made alliances with Aztec enemies
Lesson learned from Salem witch Trials People should be innocent until proven guilty
Scapegoat when a person places the blame on someone else
House of Burgesses the first representative assembly in the english colonies
Bacon's Rebellion bacon and his men burnt down Jamestown because the royal governor said no to more farm land
What event led to colonization in Americas? the English defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588
Why did England want colonies in the England? Make more money trade goods spread religion
Three reasons of why to leave England 1) Religious Freedom 2)Political freedom 3)Economic Oppurtunities
Joint-Stock companies investors put their money into a colony to earn a profit.
Charter A written contract giving someone permission to start a colony
New England Colonies long Winters Rocky Soil Many English settlers Susistence Farming LOTS of fishing Whaling Timber
The Middle Colonies Diversity Shorter Winters Fertile Soil immigrants from all over Europe
The Southern colonies Warm Climate Good Soil Some Settlers had Slaves
The Backcountry various climates and resources located along Appalachian Mountains Many Scots-Irish settled here
Subsistence Farming produced enough food to feed themselves and maybe a little extra for trade
Triangular Trade had three trade stops(Africa-West Indies-Americas), and traded items like rum, iron, sugar, molasses, gold,and slaves
Three Types of Trade 1)Colonial Trade 2)Trade with Europe 3)Triangular Trade
The Navigation Acts The English goverment passed these laws to make sure England was recieving profits from the colonies trade
The three laws of the Navigation Acts 1)All shipping had to be done on English ships or ships madde in the English colonies 2)products like tobacco, wood, and sugar could be sold only to England or its colonies 3)European imports to the colonies had to pass through English ports
The enlightenment empahasised reason and science as paths to knowledge
The Great Awakening a religious movement
Rights of Englishmen certain rights that came from living under the English goverment that were expected by English colonist
Magna Carta a document that limited the powers of the King
Parliment England's law making body
How was Parliment set up? Made up of two houses-House of Commons(elected by the people) and House of Lords(weren't elected,nobles, judges, and church officials)
English Bill Of Rights an agreement to respect the rights of the English citizens and Parliment
salutary neglect England does not interfer with the colonies
Edmund Andros a royal governor that ruled Dominion of New England
Glorious Revolution the overthrow of English King James 2 in 1688
John Peter Zenger Publisher of the New York Weekly
Zenger trial When John Peter Zenger criticized the New Yorks governor- lead to the Freedom of Press
pontiac's Rebellion
Created by: mpustay16