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CardioVascular Ch22

Exam

QuestionAnswer
Left and right atriums are located... At the top of the heart
The ventricles are located ... at the bottom
Explain the coronary sinus. It is a venous sinus that opens into the right atrium of the heart and serves to drain the coronary veins.
Explain the pulmonary veins. Large blood vessels that carry blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. There are 4 pulmonary veins, 2 from each lung. They carry oxygenated blood.
Name the lobes of the left lung. Superior lobe, and Inferior lobe
Names the lobes of the right lung. Superior lobe, Middle lobe, and Inferior lobe.
Pectus Excavatum An abnormal development of the rib cage, where the breast bone (sternum) caves in, resulting in a sunken chest wall deformity. Referred to as "funnel chest".
Pectus Carinatum A deformity of the chest characterized by a protrusion of the sternum and ribs. Often called pigeon chest.
Pectus Excavatum and Pectus Carnatum are? Congenital chest deformities
What is used in positioning for a lobectomy? Tape, bean bag, extra arm boards, shoulder rest and mayo stand.
What are the most common positions for a lobectomy? Fowlers and Posterolateral
What is the Intra-Aortic balloon pump used for? It is a mechanical device that increases myocardial oxygen perfusion while at the same time increasing cardiac output.It consist of a cylindrical polyethylene balloon that sits in the aorta and counterpulsates.
When is the intra-aortic balloon pump used? After a surgical procedure.
Fogarty Embolectomy Catheter A catheter with an inflatable balloon near its tip; used to remove emboli and thrombi from blood vessels or to remove stones from the biliary ducts.
Arterial Line Provides continuous blood pressure monitoring.
Where is an arterial line usually placed? The neck
What are some symptoms of lesions of mediastinum? Dry cough, chest pain, dyspnea...
Name the valves of the heart. Mitral, Tricuspid, Pulmunary Semilunar, Aortic Semilunar
What another name for the Mitral valve? Bicuspid
What is the number one killer? Heart disease
Risk factors of Cardiomyopathy heavy alcohol drinker, overweight, family history
Tachycardia Rapid heartbeat. Faster than 100 beats per minute.
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat. 60 or below
Cardio Tamponade Occurs when the pericardial space fills up with fluid faster than the pericardial sac can stretch.
What causes a cardio tamponade? A penetrating trauma such as a stabbing.
What percentage of patients are asymptomatic for lesions of the mediastinum? 40
What percentage of patients have symptoms when suffering from lesions of the mediastinum? 60
What is a Pleur-Vac? It's a wet suction control system that drains the chest of fluid and is frequently necessary for thoracic, cardiovascular, trauma and critical care.
Which are larger, the ventricles, or the atriums? The Ventricles
Why are the ventricles larger? Because they receive the most blood.
Describe the Atrium walls. They are thin
What separates the ventricles? Intraventricular Septum
Circumflex artery supplies blood to which chambers of the heart and what side? Left Atrium and Left Ventricle
What kind of blood enters the right atrium? Deoxygenated
The pulmonic artery does what? Carries blood to the lungs where it picks up oxygen.
Oxygenated blood leaves the lungs and returns to the heart through what? Pulmonary veins
Created by: Latosha Nicole Milián Latosha Nicole Milián on 2011-12-13



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