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MT-Case 2

abduct to draw or pull a part of the body away from the median axis
Accu-Chek trade name for a blood sugar monitor (equipment)
ADA American Diabetes Association
Ancef trade name for cefazolin, an antibiotic
anicteric without icterus (jaundice; yellow appearance)
anteversion forward displacement of an organ
antibiotic chemical substance produced by a variety of microorganisms; used to destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria and/or other microorganisms
AP refers to anteroposterior direction, from front to back
appendectomy surgical removal of the vermiform appendix
AST aspartate transaminase (an enzyme)--new name for and sometimes dictated in place of SGOT
bipolar having two poles, ends, or extremes
buccal pertaining to the inside of the cheek
C-arm images results of portable x-ray unit used in the operating room; the C-shaped unit is made to surround the part being studied
chronic persisting over a long period of time
click a brief sharp sound (heart sound)
copious yielding something abundantly
cortical pertaining to a cortex (outer layer of an organ or other body structure)
CPK creatine phosphokinase (a lab test done on blood)
DePuy sliding screw orthopedic device used in a femoral fracture repair
dissect to cut apart or separate
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
electrocautery the application of an electric current to destroy or cut through tissue
endotracheal within or through the trachea
EOMI extraocular muscles (or movements) intact
external rotation movement or an external appendage about its axis, e.g., moving either th eleg or the arm in a circle
fascia lata the external layer of fascia (supportive layer of thin connective tissue) of the thigh
femoral pertaining to the femur (thigh)
flex to bend
fluoroscopy examination using a fluoroscope (an instrument used for examining deep structures by means of roentgen rays)
funduscope an instrument for examining the fundus (bottom or base) of the eye
gallop an abnormal rhythm of the heart
H&H hemoblogin and hematocrit (blood tests, part of a complete blood count)
Hemovac drain a closed suction drainage unit to evacuate blood and serum postoperatively, trade name
infarct necrosis (death) of a tissue due to local ischemia (obstruction of blood)
intact remaining uninjured or unimpaired
intercostal situated between the ribs
interrupted sutures sutures (surgical stitches) that are placed separately and tied separately
intertrochanteric fracture a break within the trochanter (bones of the neck of the femur or thigh)
ischemia obstruction of blood to a body part due to a pathologic condition
IVPB intravenous piggyback (to infuse fluids, medicines, etc., into the body through an IV already established)
lateralis [L.] pertaining to one side; a point of reference farther from the midplane of the body
LDH lactic dehydrogenase (a lab test done on the blood)
Lowman turkey-claw clamp orthopedic equipment used during surgery
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Micronase trade name for glyburide; used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus
myocardial pertaining to the myocardium (muscular tissue of the heart)
Nitro-Dur trade name for nitroglycerin; used in treating angina pectoris and other cardiac problems
nondiaphoretic no profuse perspiration
normocephalic pertaining to a normal-sized head
OR operating room
organomegaly enlargement of one or more of the viscera (internal organs)
ORIF open reduction, internal fixation (of a fracture)
PERRLA pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
plane an imaginary flat surface used for description or depiction; anatomists identify three planes of the body, i.e., frontal, sagittal, and transverse
PMI point of maximal impulse (cardiac term)
prominence a protrusion or projection
prosthesis an artificial replacement for a missing body part, such as eye, an arm, or a leg
reamer an instrument used in orthopedic surgery to enlarge an artificial orifice or passage in bone
renal insufficiency inability of the kidneys to remove nitrogenous wastes adequately
rhonchus a rattling sound in the lower respiratory tract heart on auscultation (pl. rhonchi)
rub (pericardial rub) a scraping or grating noise heard with the heartbeat
sclera the sturdy white outer layer of the eyeball (pl. sclerae)
SGOT serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (a lab
ST-T waves describes heart function on an electrocardiogram (EKG); there are P, Q, R, S, T, and U waves
TM tympanic membrane (in the ear); eardrum
type and cross x2 medical jargon referring to the fact that the patient's blook type needs to be determined in the laboratory, then crossmatched against two units of blood. This blook will be held for the patient's needs during surgery. If not needed, it will be released
UA urinalysis (or urine analysis)
vastus lateralis a large musclel overlying the hip joint and anterolateral thigh
Wysgesic trade name for a narcotic pain medication (acetaminophen and propoxyphene)
Created by: pollockburke