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Architecture Gloss.

Pagoda Multistoried Chinese or Jap. tower with elaborately projecting roofs at each storey.
Palaestra An ancient Greek or Roman building for athletic training.
Palisade A series of wooden posts with pointed tops set in ground vertically as a fence or fortification.
Panoptikon Building with corridors radiating, and observable, from a central point.
Parapet Low guarding wall at edge of a point of sudden drop, such as a roof, terrace, balcony, or bridge.
Pargeting Exterior plasterwork decorated with low relief designs, often used on late Medieval houses.
Parodos In anc. Greek or Roman theater, one of a pair of side entrances between seats and stage.
Parti In French system of architectural thinking, the basic design concept for a building or group of buildings.
Party wall shared wall on dividing line between two properties
Pastas small room before a larger room in anc. GK architecture
Pastophory In a Christian Church, a room near the apse for receiving the congregation's offerings and for storing the Eucharist.
Pavilion 1.an ornamental building, often a garden. 2. a prominent projecting subdivision of a larger building
Pedestal a support for a column, statue or urn.
Pediment originally the triangular gable end of an ancient greek or roman temple. later, any similar crowning feature over a door or window. Sides may be straight or curved.
pendentive a curving triangular surface or spandrel at the corners of a square or polygonal room that makes a transition from the room shape to a circular dome or its drum.
per strigas an ancient greek system of orthogonal city planning "by bands"
periaktoi in a theater, the revolving, triangular prisms on either side of the stage used for scenery changes
peribolos a wall enclosing a sacred area
peripteral surrounded by a single row of columns
peristyle a roofed, columned porch or colonade surrounding a building or courtyard.
piano nobile the main floor of a house, usually one storey abovethe ground floor
picturesque an aesthetic quality characterized by irregularity, asymmetry, ruggedness, and a variety of texture and form.
pier a solid masonry support opten rectangular or sqaure in plan
pilaster a shallow flattened rectangular column or pier attached to a wall and often modeled on an order
piling a group of piles; large; heavy beams driven into the ground to support a structure
pillar a post or column
pilotis the french term for pillars or stilts that raise and support a building, leaving the ground floor open
pise stiff, packed earth or clay used as a building material
plat 1. a ground plan of a building. 2. a map, chart, or plan of a place
plateia a wide street in ancient greek or roman towns
plateresque a 16th century spanish architectural style characterized by lavish decoration that mixes Gothic, Renaissance, and Moorish motifs.
podium a raised platform or base
polis a city
polychromy architectural decoration using a variety of colors or varicolored materials
porch a covered entranceway to a building
portal a monumental entranceway to a building or courtyard
portales a spanish term for arcade
portcullis a massive, movable defensive grating in a fortified gateway
portico a covered entranceway or porch with columns on one or more sides
posa small domed chapels at the corners of an atrio
post and beam (lintel) a contruction system using vertical supports spanned by horizontal beams
postern 1. an inconspicuous minor door or gate 2. the tunnel underneath a city's defenses leading to a secret rear entrance
program a building's uses or activities
pronaos the vestibule of an ancient greek or roman temple with side walls and a row of columns along the front
propylaia a monumental entranceway to a sacred enclosure
propylon an ancient egyptian freestanding monumental gateway before the pylon of a temple
proscenium the stage of an ancient greek or roman theater
prostyle having a row of columns before only one face of a building
prytaneion the public hall in an ancient greek city that housed the sacred hearth and where official and public guests were entertained
pseudoperipteral a building with freestanding columns along its front and engaged columns along its back and sides
pylon the monumental entrance to an ancient egyptian temple
quad a rectangular courtyard enclosed by buildings
quoin one of a series of stones or bricks used to mark the corners of a building, often through the contrast of size, shape and color
rafter one of a series of sloping beams supporting a pitched roof
ramma in trad. japanese arch., a pierced decorative panel between the ceiling and a sliding door frame
rampart a fortification wall
ravelin a freestanding fortification wall, with 2 enbankments that make a projecting angle, placed between a curtain wall and a main ditch
refectory the eating hall in a religious or secular institution
relief carved or embossed decoration raised above a background plain
reredos a decorative screen or wall, of wood or stone, behind an alter serving as a frame for carved or painted religious figures
respond a pilaster or engaged half pier that supports an arch or a vault rib.
retable a painted or carved altarpiece standing at the back of the altar
reveal on a side of a doorway or window opening, the part visible between the door or glass and the outer wall surface.
revetment a wall-facing or veneer of stone, terracotta, metal, wood, or other material
revival the use of older styles or forms in new architecture
rhiad a patio framed by architecture and used as a compositional unit of a complex
rond-point a french circular plaza on which streets converge
rood-screen the screen, often elaborately carved, that separates the nave from the chancel in a Christian church
roof-comb a wall along the ridge of a roof that makes the roof appear higher
rotunda a round hall or building, usually topped with a dome
roundel a circular window or window pane
rustication the separation or regular masonry blocks by deeply cut, often wedge-shaped grooves
sacristy a room in a Christian church where altar vessels and robes are stored
sally-ports a secret gate of underground passage that links the inner and outer walls of a fortification
sanctuary the area around the principle altar in a Christian church
scenae frons in an ancient roman theater, the decorated front of the scenae, which was the back building behind the stage area
scholae ethnic communities at the vatican in the middle ages
section a drawing of a vertical slice through a building at some imagined plane
seigneurie in the medieval feudal system, a lord's manor consisting of the demesne and the tenements
serdab an ancient egyptian closed statue chamber
shaft the main part of a column, between the base and the capital
sharawagi planned irregularity in a garden or town design
sofa a living room in a turkish home
solar an upper room in a medieval house
solea in early Christian and byzantine churches, the elevated walkway between the raised pulpit or ambo and the raised apse platform for the clergy
space-frame a space-enclosing, three dimensional framework made or interconnected geometric elements
spandrel the triangular area between the sides of two adjacent arches and the line across their tops
springing point the point where the curve of an arch begins
spur wall a short wall that projects at a right angle from a main wall
square (piazza, place, plaza) an open area in a city, usually surrounded by buildings or streets and paved or lanscaped
squinch a small arch or series of gradually wider and projecting concentric arches across the interior corners of a square or polygonal room, forming a trasition from the room shape to a circular dome or drum above.
stela an upright stone slab marking a grave
stenopos a narrow road or alley in an ancient greek city. Called angiportus in Latin
stereobate the foundation or platform on which a building or row of columns is erected
stereotomy the art of cutting stone into shapes and figures
stoa an acient greek long, roofed portico with columns along the front and a wall at the back
string-course a projecting horizontal band across an exterior wall of a building
strut a sloping roof beam at right angles to a pitched roof surface, joining a rafter to a collar beam.
stucco an exterior plaster building finish
stupa a buddhist memorial mound that enshrines relics or marks a sacred site.
stylobate the top or top step of the substructure or platform on which columns stand
summerbeam in timber frame construction, a horizontal beam supporting a floor or wall
suq a linear market street in islamic cities
taberna an ancient roman shop or booth
tableros in meso-american architecture, a rectangular framed panel cantilevered over a sloping wall
tablinum in an ancient roman house a room with one side open to the central courtyard or atrium
tatami a straw floor mat used in jap. arch.
temenos a walled sacred enclosure around an ancient greek altar or temple
temple front a building facade or porch with columns and a pediment that resembles an end of a classical temple
tenement an apartment building
tensile strength strength under tension
tension the force tending to bend, stretch, or pull apart an architectural member
tepidarium the moderately warm room in ancient roman baths
terrace 1. a level embankment top, roof or raised platform adjoining a building, often paved or lanscaped for leisure use. 2. a series of attached houses that form a unit
terra-cotta hard, molded and fired clay used for ornamental wall covering, or roof or floor tile
thermae an ancient roman bath complex
tholos 1. a round, corbel-vaulted Mycenaen tomb. 2. any round ancient greek building
thrust outward or lateral stress on a structure
tile hanging a wall covering of overlapping rows of tiles
tongue and groove a wood-joining method in which a long, slightly projecting tongue of one member fits into the correspondingly shaped, long narrow groove of another member
torsion the force tending to twist and architectural member
tou-kung in chinese arch., a cantilevered bracket or cluster of brackets used to support a roof
trabeation contruction using upright posts and horizontal lintels
tracery a pattern of curvilinear, perforated ornament within the upper part of a medieval window or screen
transept the transverse arms of a cross shaped church
transom a horizontal bar across a window
travertine a type of limestone
tribune 1. the apse of a church 2. the gallery in a church
triforium in a medieval christian church, a shallow arcaded passageway opening onto the nave above the nave arcade and below the clerestory
triglyph a vertically grooved block between the metopes in a doric frieze
trivium a place where three roads converge
truss a rigid framework made of small triangular members and designed to span an opening
tufa a porous gray volcanic building stone
tumulus an earth or stone mound over a grave
tympanum the segmented space enclosed by the lintel or beam over a doorway and the arch above it
vestibule an anteroom to a larger hall
viaduct a series of arches supporting a road or railway
vihara an Indian buddhist monastery
villa a country house, sometimes including its outbuildings and gardens
volume the amount of space occupied by a three demensional object
volute a spiral or scroll
voussoir a wedge shaped block that is one of the units in an arch or vault
wattle and daub a construction system using woven branches and twigs plastered over with mud as filling between the larger members of a wooden frame
weatherboarding overlapping horizontal boards used as protective wall covering
westwerk the elaborated west end of a Carolingian or romanesque church
wicket a small door or gate within a larger one
ziggurat a mesopotamian temple tower in the form of a stepped pyramid
zoning the legal restriction that deems that parts of cities be for particular uses, such as business housing and so forth
Created by: kerysaford