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Music History


17th Century Pholosophy that focused on reason superseeding authority received from the church Rationalism
the musical period 1600-1750. meant "something overused" baroque
the principle/theory that humans experience states of mind or passions or humors affections
love, hate, joy, sorrow, wonder, and desire passions
1570s in Florence, a group of intellectuals, including musicians, who met in the home of Bardi to discuss the art and philosophy of ancients and their application to the contemporary culture. these philosophers were known as camerata. Florentine camerata
the hosted the florentine camerata Giovanni de' Bardi
among the camerata. was a lute player and singer who wrote a treaty titled dialogo dela musica antica e della moderna and this presented a technique based on aestetics Vincenzo Galilei
a Roman scholar who corresponded with Galilei and explained that music of the ancient Greeks was about monody. Girolamo Mei
from the prefix mono- plus the root aeidein meaning to sing monody
created by Galilei, with a single vocal melodic line and accompainment homophonic texture
a simple formulaic setting for voice and lute in familiar style that was used to sing poetic texts in a variety of standard forms aria
first composer to get credit for putting the Camerata's ideas into practice Giulio Caccini
collection by Giulio Caccini Le nuove musiche
Caccini explains ornamental passages in 17th century performance. one of these is the free melosmatic _____. passaggi
another one of Caccini's ornamental figures. It is a run-up to a note from a 3rd below. accento
shaping of a single note. (from Caccini) esclamatione
rapid repeat of a pitch (from Caccini) trillo
modern day trill (from Caccini) gruppo
evolved from a short-hand of church organists who often assisted choirs by playing along with the lowest line of the vocal parts, doubling the bass basso seguente
typical figured bass basso continuo
typical figured bass thoroughbass
numbers written underneath single pitches, implying chordal structures figured bass
scoring that featured contrasting timbres concertato
1600 theorist that attacked recent madrigals written by Monteverdi. His essay was titled Delle Imperfezioni Della Moderna Musica. In this he wrote that there were a lot of counterpoint errors. G.M. Artusi
Maestro Di Cappella who brought new dissonances to the madrigal and argued against Artusi saying that it was just contempory work. Claudio Monteverdi
Caludio Monteverdi's younger brother. Sided with his brother. Giulio Cesare Monteverdi
An older style that explains the dissonances Monteverdi used. prima prattica
An older style that explains the dissonances Monteverdi used. stile antico
Harmonic style that operates on the fundamental premis that the text or expressive intention controls the details of the music. seconda prattica
Harmonic style that operates on the fundamental premis that the text or expressive intention controls the details of the music. stile moderno
Marco Scacchi
church style stylus ecclesiasticus
chamber style stylus cubicularis
theatrical style stylus theatralis
music written in the form of conversations madrigal dialogues
series of polyphonic ensemble songs that traced a brief comic story madrigal comedies
music being combined with drama opera
composed the first opera Liberatto. also a poet Ottavio Rinuccini
composed the music for Rinuccini's opera. Name Dafne Jacopo Peri
it's a recitative. speech like style stile rappresentativo
speech like style recitative
the director who staged the first performance of Euridic. helped develop the early opera. Emilio de' Cavalieri
Monteverdi's librettist Alessandro Striggio
Stefano Landi
a composer who proceeded Monteverdi. the style eventually became compartmentalized into long recitative ending with a closed aria. within the reccitative it was now fast and not melodic. the aria arrested the action Francesco Cavalli
a composer who proceeded Monteverdi. the style eventually became compartmentalized into long recitative ending with a closed aria. within the reccitative it was now fast and not melodic. the aria arrested the action Antonio Cesti
an aria style meaning beautiful singing bel canto
another aria style feeding rapid coloratura passages that showed vocalists' ability florid style
agitated style stile concitato
a texture of three parts that was accompanied by basso continuo trio texture
a type of form strophic variation
one of the two types strophe that make up the strophic variation romanesca
one of the two types strophe that make up the strophic variation ruggiero
one of the two types of pieces that use a short bass line that lasts only a few measures chaconne
one of the two types of pieces that use a short bass line that lasts only a few measures passacaglia
a device for indicating saddness lamento bass
song cantata
serious style. in the sacred music drama stylus gravis
developed from the polyphonic motet sacred concerto
the first composer to publish monodic pieces under the genre of concerto Lodovico Grossi da Viadana
leading composer of the new style in sacred music. he was a more contemporary verison of Monteverdi. His style was a synthesis of the monodic style and affective with an aesthetic style Heinrich Schutz
developed from the motet and sacred concerato as an outgrowth of the musical settings of biblical texts and dialogue oratorio
a part of an oratorio historia
if the text was in latin oratorio latino
if the text was in italian oratorio volgare
means text testo
means text, testo. also means action was not staged like an opera, but was narrated by a singer historicus
the composer who wrote an oratorio Giacomo Carissmi
instrumental composer who wrote the book Syntagma Musicum Michael Praetorius
having one theme monothematic
one point of immitation throughout an entire piece subject
the point where the subject might be altered in any given piece exposition
the result of the technical glitches in the canzona. means played sonata
a texture of three parts that was accompanied by basso continuo trio sonata
compositions, usually duets, but could be more, that are made of many parts partita
a type of partita that was structured around a cantus firmusq chorale partita
he composed the chorale partitas Samuel Scheidt
the practice of pairing slow and fast dances together suite
the introduction to dance music prelude
the opening movement to dance music allemande
the second piece of dance music. triple or compound rhythms. fast. courante
featuring triple meter. the third piece of dance music. sarabande
another movement for dance music. fast. gigue
composed suits of dance music Johann Jacob Froberger
composed dance suites. one is titled Musical Banquet Johann Hermann Schein
established in 1669. It's purpose was to establish and maintain high intellectual and artistic standards in a French national style. Academie royale de musique
a French special tradition of court entertainment. This was a production where the court goers were dancers ballet de cour
the liberist who criticized the Italian manner. He was French Pierre Perrin
He took over the academy that Perrin established. He was a member of King Louie's orchestra, the Vingt-quatre violons du roi Jean-Baptiste Lully
King Louie's 24 string orchestra. Vingt-quatre violons du roi
Lully created these. They are productions that combined traditions of the Italian pastoral operas and the French ballet decor and laid the groundwork for the full French opera comedie-ballet
the combinations of Lully's musical style tragedie lyrique
the librist that Lully collaborated with in his operas Philippe Quinault
the flexible barrings that scores demonstrated in the recitatives air
an influential contribution to the history of instrumental form in which composers treated the opening of a large scale musical work French overture
aristocratic entertainments with recitatives songs, choruses, dances, and costumes. This was the English version of the French court ballet masque
Henry Lawes
an English composer of operas John Blow
the leading English composer during the restoration period Henry Purcell
contains abbreviated and adapted spoken versions of plays. It provides the frakework for a series of brief, unrelated masks. Semi-opera
songs to celebrate royal events. odes
songs to celebrate royal events. welcome songs
polyphonic fantasies for instrumental ensembles fancy
a composer. He wrote operas in Naples, Italy. Alessandro Scarlatti
series of operas opera seria
a thinning of the score became the standard orchestra opening of the Italian opera sinfonia
simple recitative (secco recitative)
accompagnato recitative
da capo aria form
German composer of sacred conceratos who served as the organists in Lubeck Dietrich Buxtehude
German composer of sacred conceratos Johann Pachelbel
the introduction to congregational chorale singing, which had the statement of the meldody, supported by independent material chorale prelude
a manner of handeling chorale prelude, which involved integrating the cantus firmus, with the rest of the text, by setting the main melody in long notes Vorimitation (fore-imitation)
a chorale fugue chorale fantasia
a chorale fantasia chorale fugue
Germany's native musical drama. Employed spoken dialogue and a vocal style like song singspiel
composer of singspeil Reinhard Keiser
dynamic contrasts terraced dynamics
a technique that could be showed in satisfing music product in contrapuntal texture fugue
in a fugue when the second voice enters on the fifth and it can be adjusted so that it doesn't leave the key of the originial melody tonal answer
the point in the modulation that might use free material or fragments of motives from the subject episode
at the conclusion of the fugue. Composers increase the credential climax by rapidly overlapping immitative entries of the subject. stretto
part of the stretto that reinforced harmonic stability pedal point
dance movement of German suite bourree
dance movement of German suite gavotte
dance movement of German suite minuet
German theorist who listed the affects of his dance compositions. Also has his collection of dances Johann Mattheson Der vollkommene Capellmeister
suite ordre
He served the court and royal church of france and offerec a leyboard playing trees called l'art de __________ Francois Couperin L'art de toucher le clavecin
topics discussed in the treaty about the proper performance of embellishments agrements
having two parts binary form
sonata with three players solo sonata
one of two classes of sonatas. chamber sonata sonata da camera
one of the two classes of sonatas. chanber church sonata sonata da chiesa
composer of the 17th century. His music established new harmonic syntax Arcangelo Corelli
in the late 17th century the composers expanded the sonata, which created this concerto
In the German concerto, the small group that plays throughout is called _____. concertino
In the German concerto when the full group plays it is called the ____. tutti
In the German concerto when the full group plays it is called the ____. ripieno
In the German concerto when the full group plays it is called the ____. concerto grosso
A style of German concerto where there is one solo player that is intermittenly supported by the ripieno. solo concerto
A style of Germa concerto where there are no dirrect soloist by random moments within the ripeno. ripieno concerto
Composer that took advantage of the altered German concerto. Giuseppe Torelli
Italian concerto composer. (most prolific) Antonio Vivaldi
18th century composer-- late Rational period. George Frideric Handel
Handel studied here. Royal Academy of Music
Genre that emerged in the late Baroque period, which combined spoken dialouge with simple songs accompanied by basso continuo. ballad opera
First "Ballad opera." The Beggar's Opera
Created the BEggars opera. John Gay
Helped compose the Beggars Opera Johann Christoph Pepusch
Composer within Handel's rival company, the Opera of the Nobility. Nicola Porpora
Opera Director-- favored in Italy and Greece. Johann Adolf Hasse
Interruption within the opera that provides comic relief. intermezzo
popular Italian street theater genre. commedia dell'arte
Describes the technique on how an intermezzo may be created (through pieces of several exisitng works) pasticcio
The most famous intermezzo was ____. And was composed by _____. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi La serva padrona
popular type of patronage in Germany. Kantor
Composer, successful Kantor. Georg Philipp Telemann
Started by Telemann it was created for his fellow students. collegium musicum
Was the Kantor of Leipzig's opera house, before Handel. Johann Kuhnau
Georg Bohm
Rationalist composer that did not compose operas. Johann Sebastian Bach
A collection of chorale arrangements for the organ, based on systematic organization coordinated to the liturgical calendar. Orgel-Buchlein
book that aided in teaching music performance and technique (one of the first method books) Well-Tempered Clavier
Meaning "keyboard practice," on of the first collections of paradigm keyboard pieces. Clavierubung
Bach's composition, represented the paradigm of vocal compositions. B-minor Mass
Bach's fugue he dedicated to the king. Musical Offering
Bach's incomplete composition. Considered to be the perfect example of counterpuntal composition ever created. Art of Fugue
Created by: 1363424888