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Vital Signs

vital signs

Body Temperature is regulated by: the hypothamlus (in the brain) referred to as the "body's thermostat"
Name four ways in which heat is produced in the body 1) movement of voluntary & involuntary muscles (2) Cell metabolism, (3) Fever (4) Strong Emotional States
List four ways in which heat is LOST from the body 1) Urine & Feces elimination 2) Moisture droplets from the lungs (3) Persperation (thru ducts in skin) (4) Conduction, Radiation, Convection
What is the normal body temperature range? 97- 99 degrees F
How do diurnal variantions affect body temperature? During sleep body metabolism slows down as do muscle contractions (remember, muscle movement creates heat, sleep = less movements)
How does vigorous physical exercise affect body temperature? Can cause body to elevate body temp (the more the muscles move the more heat is created)
Name the factors that contribute to variations in Body Temperature: 1) Age, (2) Diurnal variations (3) Emotional States(4) Enviroment (5) Excercise (6) Patient's normal body temperature, (7) Pregnancy
Variations in Body Temperature by AGE: Newborn (table 19-2) Newborn 97-100 Axillary
Variations in Body Temperature by AGE: 1 Yr. 1 Yr. 99.7 Oral
Variations in Body Tempeature by AGE: 5 Yr. 5 Yr. 98.6 Oral
Variations in Body Temperature by AGE: Adult ORAL 98.6 Rectal is one degree higher 99.6 Axillary is one degree lower 97.6 Aural is the same 98.6 Elderly > 79 = 96.8
List the three fever patterns: 1) Continuous Fever 2) Intermittent Fever 3) Remittent Fever
Describe Continous Fever: Body temperature fluctuates minimally but always remains elevated. (Scarlet Fever & Pneumonia)
Describe Intermittent Fever: Body temperature alternately rises and falls and at times returns to normal or becomes sub normal (Bacterial & Viral infections)
Describe Remittent Fever: Wide range of temperature fluctuations occur, all of which are above normal. (Influenza, Pheumonia, Endocarditis).
What are the 5 different ways of taking a temperature Assessment sites are: 1) Orally 2) Axillary, 3) Rectal, (4) Aural (5) Forehead
Describe the location of the following sites: 1) Oral 2) Axillary 3) Rectal (4) Aural (5) Forehead 1) Oral = Mouth, 2) Axillary = armpit, 3) Rectal = rectum, 4) Aural = ears, 5) Forehead = temporal to corotid artery
Factors affecting pulse rate 1) Age, 2) Gender, 3) Physical Activity 4) Emotional States, 5) Metabolism 6) Fever, 7) Medications
Name the pulse sites: 1) Temporal=temple 2)Cartoid=neck 3)Apical = heart 4) Brachial=arm@antecubical 5) Radial 6)ulnar 7) Femorial=thigh)8)Popliteal=behind knee 9) Posterior Tibial (end of tibia, near ankle) 10) Dorsalis Pedis foot
Created by: dwall2674