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History Ch.8 Vocab

Vocabulary Words

Jurisdiction A court's authority to hear and decide cases.
Exclusive Jurisdiction Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases.
Concurrent Jurisdiction Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases.
Original Jurisdiction The authority to hear cases for the first time.
District Courts Federal courts where trails are held and lawsuits are begun.
Appeals Courts A court that reveiws decisions made in lower district courts.
Circuit The area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals
Remand To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again.
Opinion A detailed explanation of legal thinking behind a courts decisions in a case.
Precedent A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
Constitutional In accordance with the constitution.
Judicial Reveiw The power of the supreme court to say wheather any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the constitution.
Docket A court's calendar showing he schedule of cases it is to hear.
Brief A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case.
Majority Opinion A statement that presents the veiws of the majority of supreme court justices regarding a case.
Dissenting Opinion A statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion presenting his or her opinion.
Concurring Opinion A statement written by a justice who votes with the majority, but for differnt reasons.
Stare Decisions The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases.
Created by: dancer8