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Medical Terminology

-ac, -ic, -us, -al, - ar Pertaining to "talking about"
-scope instrument used to look
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-pathy disease of
Pulman/o- lungs
My/o- muscle
Oste/o- bones
Gastr/o- stomach
Cardi/o- heart
Stomat/o- mouth
Gloss/o- , Lingu/o- tongue
Gingiv/o- gums
Esophag/o- esophagus
Enter/o- intestines
-scopy the process of looking
Hepat/o- liver
-rrhea discharge or flow
-phagia swallow
-plasty surgical repairs
-megaly enlarged
Dys- difficult or painful
Sigmoid/o- part of the large intestines
Duoden/o- first part of the small intestines
Abdomin/o- abdomen
Pancreat/o- pancreas
-pepsia digestion
-cele hernia; herniation
-ectomy excision "cut out"
-tomy incision "cut into"
-rrhagia hemorrage or bleeding
-rrhaphy suture or to stitch
-rrhexis rupture or burst
Midsagittal plane divides the body equally left and right
Frontal plane divides into front and back parts
Transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower parts
Hemat/o- Hem/o- blood
Angi/o- Vessels
Arteri/o- Arteries
Phleb/o- Veins
-gram picture
Electro- electrical
Tachy- fast, rapid
Brady- slow
-cyte cell
Erythr/o- red
Leuk/o- white
Thromb/o- clot
-genic to generate or to form
-lysis destruction of
A- An- without
-emia low count
Anemia low blood volume
-logist specialist
-grapher person who takes the picture
-graphy process of taking pictures
Echo- Sono- sound
Radi/o- x-ray
Superior- above, higher than
Inferior- below, lower than
Nas/o- , Rhin/o- nose/nasal cavity
Epiglottis Epiglottis
Trache/o- Trachea
Bronch/o- Bronchus, Bronchial tubes
Pneum/o- , Pneumon/o- , Pulman/o- lungs
-pnea , Pne/o- , Spir/o- breath
Larynx- , Laryng/o- Larynx (voice box)
Phren/o- Diaphragm
Thorac/o- Thoracic Cavity
Pleur/o- Pleura
Hyper- increased
Hypo- decreased
-algia pain
SOB Short of breath
ENT ear, nose, & throat specialist
Pharyng/o- Pharynx
Endo- Inside
Ex- outside
-spasm Involuntary contraction
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
TB, Tb Tuberculosis
Rect/o- Rectum
Lip/o- fat
My/o- muscles
Muscul/o- muscles
Oste/o- bones
Tendon/o- tendons
Arthr/o- joint
Chondr/o- cartilage
Kinesi/o- movement
-malacia softening
-meter instrument used to measure
0metry process of measuring
-plasia developement
Cost/o- rib
Crani/o- skull
Pelv/i- pelvis
Dent/o- teeth
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
Peri- surrounding, around
DO doctor of Osteopathy
CPD Cephalopelvic dysproportion
OREF open reduction of an external fracture
ORIF open reduction of internal fracture
Created by: lhouvrets