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Chapter_7_terms

Chapter 7 terms

QuestionAnswer
The program of the cell. Genetic Code
The process by which genetic material absorbed from the environment is added to or replaces part of a bacterias DNA. Transformation
A British scientist who was studying the way certain types of bacteria cause the disease pneumonia. Frederick Griffith
He injected mice with different bacterias to understand transformation. Explain Griffith Experiment
The nucleic acid that stores and transmits the genetic information from one generation of an organism to the next. DNA
Went deeper into Griffith's experiment to discover what causes transformation. Oswald Avery
They did the same experiment as Griffith adding enzymes that would brake down certain molecules until the realized DNA was what causes the transformation in the bacteria. Explain Avery’s Experiment
Viruses that eat bacteria. Bacteriophages
Two American scientists that discovered that bacteriophages inject their genetic code into victim bacteria. Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
What DNA is made up of. Nucleotides
With guanine belong to a group of compounds known as purines. Adenine
With Adenine belong to a group of compounds known as purines. Guanine
With thymine belongs to a group called pyrimides. Cytosine
With cytosine belongs to a group called pyrimides. Thymine
The female scientist who viewed DNA through x-rays. Rosalind Franklin
Double Helix Shape of DNA
The british scientists who created the first model for DNA and discovered it's double helix shape. James Wastson and Francis Crick
Chargof's rule- A-T/U, G-C Base Pairing
The process DNA preforms before cell division to create two strands of DNA Replication
Ribonucleic acid, used to preform transcription and translation. RNA
The nitrogen base for RNA that takes the place of thymine. Uracil
DNA-RNA Transcription
RNA-PROTIEN Translation
The RNA in transcription that copies the code from DNA and brings it out of the nucleus. Messenger RNA
The process using rRNA, tRNA, and a ribosome to create a polypeptides chain. Protein Synthesis
Three nucleotides that make a code word to signify the production of an amino acid. Codon
RNA that caries an amino acid based on the anticodon it uses. Transfer RNA
mRNA with a ribosome attached to it. Ribosomal RNA
The three letter code word that fits onto a codon to signify the production of an amino acid. Anticodon
Created by: James Tait James Tait on 2011-11-22



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