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Fun.History Q3


Anima Roman word for soul or life-force
Anubis the jackel-headed Egyptian god of embalming
Ba the Egyptian "soul" or spiritual coutnerpart of the body; could leave the tomb but had to return at night
Barber-Surgeons a powerful organization of medieval health-care professoinals who sought a monopoly on the right to embalm
Catacombs long underground tunnerls used by the pagan Romasn for burial and by the early Christians for burial and for worship during times of persecution
Ceberus three-headed, wild dog who guarded the way to hades
Cemeterium burial ground (from the Greeek "sleeping place"
Cere Cloth a waxed linen sheet used a shroud
Charnel House a building holding the exhumed bones of bodies previously buried
Charon the boatman who ferried souls to hades for a price
Colubarium a wall-like structure with niches provided for the entombment of cremains (from the Latin "Dove-cote"
Conclamantes mortis in Roman funeral pratice, hired female mourners
Designator Roman assistant to the libitudinarius
Dionysus , Cult of form of Greek religion; memebers believed in a happy immortality
Elysian Fields the Greek term for paradise
Epicurians a Greek and Roman school of philosophy whose memebers believed that both the soul and the body disintegrated after death
Funerales torchbearers in a Roman funeral procession
Funeralis Roman term for a torch-lit procession, from which comes our word "funeral"
Funus Roman term for funeral rites
Hypogea Eqyptian " rock-cut" tombs cut directly into or under cliffs (from the Greek "under the earth")
Ka the Egyptian vital life force which generally resided in a ka-statue after death
Kher-heb the Egyptian priest who took charge of the body and supervised the embalming
Kiones round columns used in Greece to commemorate the dead
Kofinos Greek word for "basket", from which comes the English word " coffin"
Libitudinaruis Roman head undertaker and direct ancestor of today's professional funeral director
Libitina Roman protector-goodness of human remains and funerals
Maat ancient Egyptian concept of justice and "the way things ought to be"
Mastaba a kind of Egyptian tomb, rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof, covering a shaft leading to an underground burial chamber
Naidia Greek tombs built to llok like miniature temples
Natron mizture of naturally-occuring salts used by the Egyptians to dehydrate bodies during the mummification process
Necropolis term used by archeologists for ancient cemeteries, especially Egyptian ( from Gk. "city of the dead"
Obol the Greek coin placed in the mouth of the deceased to pay Charon, the ferryman of the river Styx
Ossuary a container of bones
Pollinctor in ancient Rome, a low-status employee or slave who performed whatever primitive embalming may have been done
Praeco in ancient Rome , the person who annoucned aloud on the streets the death of an individual and/or the approach of the funeral procession
Ra Egyptian god of the sun
Requiem Mass in early Christain practice, a religious service held for the repose of the soul of the deceased, often with the body present( from Latin requlies, rest or repose
Sarcophagus a carved stone outer container protecting a coffin and the mummy within; direct ancestor of today's comcrete burial vault (from Gk. "flesh eater")
Saff tomb a kind of Egpytian tomb consisting of a row of small. swuare tomb chambers surrounding an open courtyard
Sepulcher a free-standing tomb structure (from Latin sepelire, to cover or bury
Sexton medieval Chruch official in charge of the physical upkeep pf the chruch building and the churchyard and who assumed some of the undertaker's duites
Sheol in anicent hebrew belief, the abode of the dead
Stelae tall, rectangular stone shafts decorated with inscriptions and bas-reliefs and used as grave markers in ancient Greece
Styx one of the rivers boundaries of hades , the Greek abode of the dead
Sumptuary Law a law that limits the amount of money that can be spent on a funeral or on items considered to be luxuries
Tartarus the anicent Greek version of Hell
Trapezae square-cut ancient Greek tombs
Ushabtis small statues of servants entombed with Egyptians mummies
Valhol(valhalla) in Scandinavian (Viking) beliefs, the abode of the dead who died bravely in battle or after a successful life as a warrior
Wabt the Egptian place of embalming ; direct ancester of the preparation room
Yakhu(Akhu) in Egypatian belief. that part od the person which upon death became part of the starry constellations of the night sky and therefore, part of the universe
Created by: Nikkia