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CNA ch 2

Foundations of resident care

The process of exchanging information with others Communication
The use of words or sounds, spoken or written Verbal communication
Communication without using words Non-verbal communication
Info that is based on what you see, hear, touch, or smell. It can be measured Objective information
Info you cannot or did not observe. It is based on what is reported to you Subjective information
Inability to control the bladder or bowels Incontinence
Phrases that are used over and over again and do not really mean anything "it will be fine" Cliches
Unconcious behaviors used to release tension or cope with stress Defense mechanisms
Defense mechanism that completely rejecting the thought or feeling Denial
Defense mechanism that sees feelings in others that are really one's own Projection
Defense mechanism that transfers a strong negative feelings to a safer place Displacement
Defense mechanism that makes excuses to justify a situation Rationalization
Defense mechanism that blocks painful thoughts or feelings from the mind Repression
Defense mechanism that causes one to go back to an old, usually immature behavior Regression
A system of learned behaviors, practiced by a group of people, that are considered to be the tradition of that people and are passed on from one generation to the next Culture
A loss of function or ability; it can be partial or complete loss Impairment
Violent or hostile behavior Combative behavior
The way a person holds and positions his body posture
The foundation that supports as object Base of support
The point in the body where the most weight is concentrated Center of gravity
A broken bone Fracture
Confusion about person, place, or time Disorientation
Burns caused by hot liquids Scalds
An injury that rubs off the surface of the skin abrasions
Fed Government agency that makes rules to protect workers from hazards on the job Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Being mentally alert and having awareness of surroundings, sensations, and thoughts Conscious
Emergency care given immediately to an injured person First Aid
When something is blocking the tube through which air enters the lungs Obstructed airway
A method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking, by pushing on the abdomen in an upward motions abdominal thrusts
Occurs when organs and tissues in the body do not receive an adequate blood supply. It is a life treatening situation. Shock
Difficulty breathing Dyspnea
Also called hypoglycemia, can result from either too much insulin or too little food Insulin reaction
Also called hyperglycemia or diabetic coma which is caused by too little insulin. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Another word for stroke, when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel Cerebralvascular accident (CVA)
A warning sign of a CVA. A temporary lack of oxygen in the brain. Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Vomiting or the act of ejecting stomach contents through the mouth. Emesis
Term for measures practiced in healthcare facilities to prevent and control the spread of disease Infection control
A living thing that is so small that it can only be seen through a microscope Microorganism
Microorganism that causes disease pathogen
An infection in the blood stream that spreads throughout the body Systemic infection
Confined infection to a specific location in the body and has local symptoms, near the site of infection Localized infection
Infections that patients acquire within the healthcare settings that result from treatment for other conditions Nosocomial infections
The process of removing pathogens, or the state of being free of pathogens and refers to being "clean" Medical asepsis
Means objects are not contaminated with pathogens clean
Means that objects are contaminated with pathogens dirty
Is the state of being free of all microorganisms, not just pathogens (sterile technique) Surgical asepsis
A way of describing how disease is transmitted from one living being to another Chain of infection
A pathogen or microorganism that causes disease Causative agent
Where a pathogen lives and grows, like a person, animal, plant, soil, or substance Reservoir
Any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to leave Portal of exit
Describes how the pathogen travels from one person to another Mode of transmission
Transmission of pathogens that happens by touching the infected person's secretions Direct contact
Transmission of pathogens that happens by touching something that is contaminated by the infected person Indirect contact
Any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to enter Portal of entry
Membranes that line body cavities, such as athe mouth, nose,eyes, rectum, and genitals Mucous Membranes
An uninfected person who could get sick Susceptible host
To treat all blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (like abrasians, pimples, or open sores) and mucous membranes as if they were infected. Standard Precautions
Handwashing with either plain or antiseptic soap and water and using alcolhol-based hand rubs Hand hygiene
Washing hands with water and soap or other detergents that contain an antiseptic agent Hand antisepsis
Care of the genitals and anal area Perineal care
Cleaning measures that destroys ALL microorganisms Sterilization
Process that kills pathogens, but not all microorganisms; reduces the organism count to a level that is not considered infectious Disinfections
Discared or thrown away after one use Disposable
Precautions that are used when caring for persons who are infected or suspected of being infected with a disease Transmission based precautions
Microorganisms found in human blood that can cause infection and disease in humans Bloodborne pathogens
Inflammation of the liver caused by infection Hepatitis
Airborne disease that infects the lungs causing coughing, trouble breathing, fever, weight loss, and fatigue.If left untreated one can die Tuberculosis (TB)
A common type of bacteria that can become so powerful that it becomes resistant to methicillin, which is a powerful anibiotic Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
A spore-forming bacteria that is a part of the normal intestinal flora, but that becomes flourished and releases a toxin that causes frequent, foul-smelling watery stools Clostridium difficile (C-diff)
Created by: mscardenas