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BLS AHA part 1

Part 1 of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual

What is the AHA? American Heart Association
What has the AHA done? adopted, supported, and helped develop the concept of emergency cardiovascular care systems for many years.
what is EEC? Emergency Cardiovascular Care
What is the Chain of Survival? a useful metaphor for the elements of the ECC systems concept.
List the 5 links of the adult Chain of Survival. recognition and activation, CPR, defibrilation, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care
What is the first link in the adult Chain of Survival? Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and actication of the emergency response system
What is the second link in the adult Chain of Survival? Early Ccardiopulmonary resuscitaioin (CPR) with an empasis on chest compressions.
What is the Third link in the adult Chain of Survival? rapid defibrillation
What is the fourth link in the adult Chain of Survival? Effective advanced life support.
What is the final link in the adult Chain of Survival? Integrated post-cardiac arrest care.
When you have multiple rescuers you are able to perform steps how? simultaneously
In pediatric patients, cardiac arrest is often secondary to what? respiratory failure and shock
How can you reduce the likelihood of pediatric cardiac arrest? identifying children with respiratory and shock symptoms.
What are the 5 links in the pediatric Chain of Survival? prevention, bystander CPR, activation of ems, advanaced life support, post-cardiac care
What is the main difference in the pediatric and adult Chain of Survival? Pediatric Chain has a prevention link added.
What does the AHA Guidelines emphasis? high-quality CPR
What is the BLS sequence of steps? C A B D
Why was the sequence changed from A B C D for the 2010 Guidelines? It allows rescuers to start chest compressions sooner.
What is the compression rate? atleast 100/minute
What is the compression depth in adults? 2 inches
What is the compression depth in infants and children? one third of the anterior-posterior diameter of the chest (1 1/2 inches in infants and 2 inches in children)
What are 3 components of high-quality CPR? allow complete chest recoil, minimize interruptions in compressions, and avoiding excessive ventilation
What approach is preferred when training for CPR? a team approach
The routine use of what in cardiac arrest is not reccommended? cricoid pressure
How long do you check for the presense of a pulse? 10 seconds
What age group do you NOT use an AED on? none, you can use one on all age groups
IF an manual defribrillator is not available, an AED equipped with what is prefered? a pediatric attenuator
Can you use an aduld AED on an infant? Yes, if no other option is available.
Created by: biloxictc