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Medical Terminology

-itis inflamation
-ic, -ac, -ous, -al, -ar pertaining to
-logy study of
-pathy disease of
-scope instrument used to look
Gastr/o- stomach
Cardi/o- heart
Pulmin/o- lungs
My/o- muscles
Oste/o- bones
Gingiv/o- gums
Enter/o- intestine
Esaphog/o- esophagus
Lip/o- fat
Stomat/o- mouth
Gloss/o- Lingu/o- tongue
Hepat/o- liver
-rrhea discharge or flow
-scopy process of looking
-phagia to swallow
-plasty surgical repair
-megaly enlarged
Dys- difficult or painful
Sigmoid/o- sigmoid colon
Duoden/o- Duodenum
Abdomin/o- abdomen
Rect/o- rectum
Pancreat/o- pancreas
-pepsia digestion
-cele hernia or herniation
-ectomy excision or to cut out
-tomy incision or to cut into
-rrhagia hemorrage or bleeding
-rrhaphy to suture or stitch
-rrhexis to rupture or burst
Midsagittal Plane separates body into equal left and right halves
Frontal Plane devides body into front and back parts
Transverse Plane devides body into upper and lower parts
Cardi/o- heart
Angi/o- blood vessels
Arteri/o- arteries
Phleb/o- veins
Hemat/o- Hem/o- blood
Tachy- fast or rapid
Brady- slow
Erythr/o- red
Leuk/o- white
Electr/o- electric
-gram picture
-graphy process of taking pictures
-cyte cell
Thromb/o- clot
A- An- without
-emia low count
-lysis distruction of
-logist specialist
-genic to generate or to form
Radi/o- x-ray
Sono- Echo- sound
Superior above or higher than
Inferior below or lower than
Nas/o- Rhin/o- Nose
Trache/o- Trachea
Bronch/o- Bronchus Bronchial Tubes
Pulmun/o- Pneum/o- Pneumon/o- Lungs
Laryng/o- Larynx
Pharyng/o- Pharynx
Phren/o- Diaphragm
Pleur/o- Spir/o- Breath
Thorac/o- Thoracic Cavity (Chest Cavity)
Endo- Inside
Ex- Outside
Hyper- Increased
Hypo- Decreased
-algia Pain
-pnea Breath
-spasm Involuntary Contraction
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
ENT Ear, Nose, & Throat Specialist
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
SOB Short of Breath
TB, Tb Tubercilosis
BID b.i.d. bid twice a day
BP blood pressure
BM bowel movement
c with
CA, Ca carcinoma (cancer)
disc D/C d.c. discontinue (discharge)
DNR do not resuscitate
Dx dx diagnosis
Fx fx fracture
Ht, ht height
IV intravenous
N&V N/V nausea and vomiting
NPO nothing by mouth
NPO p MN nothing by mouth past midnight
OTC over the counter
P pulse
PO po p.o. by mouth
PRN as needed
q.i.d. four times a day
Rx prescription
s without
T temperature
TID t.i.d. three times a day
Created by: maggie3511