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ConstitutionHB Terms

Government Vocabulary

Preamble Introduction to the U.S. Constitution
Congress National legislature of the U.S.
Senate Upper house of Congress
House of Representatives Lower house of Congress
Checks and Balances Provisions to keep one branch from controlling the other two branches
Enumerated Powers Powers specifically granted in the Constitution
Elastic Clause Clause that allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out its enumerated powers
Implied Powers Powers not specifically stated in the Constitutuion
Electoral College Electors chosen by the states to elect the President and Vice-President
Succession Order in which the office of President is filled if it becomes vacant before an election
State of the Union Address Message delivered by the President each year
Supreme Court Highest Federal Court in the U.S.
Extradition Procedure for returning a person charged with a crime to the state where the crime was committed
Ratify To officially approve the Constitution or an Amendment to it
Bill of Rights First ten amendments
Due Process of Law All the procedures for fair treatment that must be carried out whenever a citizen is accused of a crime
Double Jeopardy Being tried more than once for the same crime
Reserved Powers Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
Suffrage Right to vote
Popular Sovereignty A government in which the people rule
Republicanism The people excercise their power by voting for their political representatives
Federalism A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and state government
Separaton of Powers A division of basic government roles into branches where no one branch is given all the power
Limited Government "Rule of Law" whereby individuals or groups, including powerful leaders must obey the law
Individual Rights Guaarantees, protects personal liberties and privleges of U.S. citizens
Created by: brittneewilletts