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IV solutions

IV solutions catergorized by osmolarity

QuestionAnswer
Isotonic Solution has same osmolarity as the serum & other body fluids
Hypotonic solution has a lower osmolarity than serum & other body fluids.
Hypertonic Solution has a higher osmolarity than serum & other body fluids.
2.5% dextrose in H20 Hypotonic
0.25% NaCl Hypotonic
0.33% NaCl Hypotonic
0.45% NaCl Hypotonic
5% dextrose in H20 Isotonic
0.9% NaCl Isotonic
Ringer's injection Isotonic
Lactated ringer's Isotonic
5% dextrose in 0.45% NaCl Hypertonic
5% dextrose in 0.9% NaCl Hypertonic
5% dextrose in Ringer's Hypertonic
10% dextrose in H20 Hypertonic
20% dextrose in H20 Hypertonic
50% dextrose in H20 Hypertonic
70% dextrose in H20 Hypertonic
3% NaCl Hypertonic
5% NaCl Hypertonic
Isotonic NS
Isotonic LR
Hypotonic 0.45% NS
Hypertonic 3% Saline
Hypotonic Action: hydrates cells; pulls fluids from vascular space into cellular space.
Hypotonic Indication: tx of hypertonic dehydration
Isotonic Action: hydrates extracellular compartment; replaces fluid volume w/o disrupting the intracellular & interstitial volumes
Isotonic Indication: tx of vascular dehydration; replaces sodium chloride
Hypertonic Action: draws fluid out of intracellular space; leading to increased extracellular volume both in vascular & interstitial space
Hypertonic Indication: tx of hypotonic dehydration; tx of circulatory collapse; increase fluid shift from interstitial space to vascular space.
Created by: Enviroveg