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Secretion/Path Cond

NHTC 10 Endocrine Secretions, Pathological Conditions

thyroid produces T3, T4 & calcitonin
adrenal cortex the portion of the suprarenal gland that secretes 3 types of steriod hormones called corticosteroids
parathyroid glands 4 glands attached to each thyroid lobe that produce parathyroid hormone (PTH)
pancreas produces glucagon and insulin
adenohypophysis the pituitary's anterior portion, which secretes growth hormone (GH). this hormone stimulates the growth of bones, muscles, and organs; also called somatropin
ovaries almond-shaped glands in the pelvic cavity that produce estrogen and progesterone
neurohypophysis the pituitary's posterior lobe, which secretes antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin
adrenal medulla the portion of the suprarenal gland that secretes epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine
pineal gland gland believed to secrete melatonin
thymus gland gland that produces thymosin, which is important in the immune responses in children
hirsutism excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women
exophthalmos protrusion of the eyeballs; often a sign of hyperthyroidism
IDDM occurs mostly in children and adolescents; characterized by destruction of beta cells of the islets of Langerhans with complete insulin deficiency in the body. Treatment includes daily injections of insulin
hyperkalemia excessive amount of potassium in the blood
acromegaly chronic disease of middle-aged persons characterized by enlarged features, particulary of the bone, face, hands, and extremities due to hypersecretion of GH
thyromegaly enlargement of the thyroid gland; also referred to as goiter
polyuria excretion of abnormally large amounts of urine
myxedema the most severe form of hpothyroidism. It is characterized by swelling of the hands, face, feet and periorbital tissues
endogenous originating from within the body or produced from internal causes
polydipsia excessive thirst characteristic of diabetes mellitus
thyroid storm thyrotoxic crisis. It may be fatal if left untreated
hyperglycemia abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood as in diabetes
hypervolemia abnormal increase in the amount of intravascular fluid, particularly in the volume of circulating blood
hyponatremia a decreased concentration of sodium in the blood
hypogonadism underproduction of sex hormones by the ovaries and testes
Created by: rmlgray