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Unit 3 Latin America

Spalding Academy Geography 2011

Spanish for “high plain,” a region in Peru and Bolivia encircled by the Andes peaks Altiplano
Farm workers; generally, people who live and work in rural areas Campesino
Spanish term for “conqueror,” referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America Conquistador
Parallel chains or ranges of mountains Cordillera
Local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group Dialect
Steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface Escarpment
An area where the tide meets a river current Estuary
The cowhands of Argentina and Uruguay Gaucho
Picture writing carved in stone Glyph
Native to a place Indigenous
Fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela Llano
Grassy, treeless plains of southern South America Pampas
Dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages Patois
A city that dominates a country’s economy, culture, and government and in which population is concentrated Primate city
Knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by Incas to keep financial records Quipu
Makeshift communities on the edges of cities Shantytown
Which country has the highest population? Brazil 176,500,000
Which country has the lowest? St. Kitts and Nevis 50,000
Which country is the largest? Brazil 3 million sq mi
Which country is the smallest? Grenada 131 sq mi
Which country has the highest literacy rate? Barbados, Cuba 99%
Which country has the lowest literacy rate? Haiti 52%
Name the major issue of two different countries Brazil firearms, Colombia drugs
How do Latin America’s physical features affect everyday life? Mountains are rich in natural resources but block movement/trade, isolate regions, people
Describe a tropical rainforest hot temps, high rainfall, dense forest
Name a country that has a tropical rainforest climate Brazil
Describe a tropical savanna hot, temps, high rainfall, long dry season, grasslands
Name a country that has a tropical savanna climate Brazil
Describe a steppe hot summers, cool winters, light rainfall
Name a country that has a steppe climate Argentina
Describe a desert dry, little rain, sparse vegetation
Name a country that has a desert climate Argentina, Mexico
Where do most peoples in South America live? Along the “populated rim”
Why do people all live in this one area? Good climate, fertile land, easy access to transportation
In what country did the Inca live? Peru
Name one thing the Inca are known for. Quipu, llamas
Where did the Aztecs live? Mexico
Name one thing the Aztecs are known for. Cacao beans, human sacrifice
Where did the Maya live? Mexico
Name one thing the Maya are known for pyramid temples, glyphs, astronomy
Explain why the people in South America wanted independence Rich-European colonists: self-rule, Poor Europeans: more rights, NA and Africans: freedom from slavery
Compare/contrast the latifundia and minifundia systems. latifundia: large, mechanized commercial estates; Minifundia: small subsistence farms; both owned by wealthy landowners
>What are some challenges that South America faces in managing their natural resources properly? Be sure to mention what causes the challenge, where it occurs, and what South America can do to fix it. (8 sentences) Overcrowding cities, too many people in cities, not enough resources, disease, develop smaller cities
Be able to label the following on a map: Panama Canal, Amazon River (main branch), Andes Mountains, Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre Occidental, Yucatan Peninsula, Llanos, Pampas, Mato Grosso Plateau
Created by: rejoyce431