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History Ch 8 vocab

Chapter 8 vocab

medieval The Middle Ages from 500-1000. Greco-Roman and Germanic
frontier sparsely populate, undeveloped are
missi dominici officials that were ent out to keep an eye on nobles in local regions.
cirriculum formal course of study based on Latin learning
feudalism loosely organized system of rule which powerful local lords divided their landholdings amoung lesser lords
vassal lesser lords, pledged service and loyalty to greater lord
feudal contract exchange of pledges between lord and vassal, lord promisses to protect vassal, and vassal promisses service
fief to a vassal from his lord
knight a mounted warrior, many nobles trained from boyhood
tournaments mock battles with knights
chivalry knights code of conduct, knights must be brave and loyal
troubadors wandering poet
manor the heart of medieval economy, lord's estate
serfs peasants on a manor, bound to the land
sacrament the sacred rights of the Church, would lead to salvation, or everlasting life with god
tithe a tax made by the Church
secular having to do with wordly rather than religion
papal supremecy the pope would claim authority over all secular rulers
canon law the Churche's laws, if disobeyed they faced a penalty
excommunication a penalty for dysobeying canon law, if so, could not receive sacraments
interdict an order excluding a town, region, or kingdom from receiving most sacraments
simony the selling of church officials (Pope Gregory)
friar monks who didn't live in isolated monatries
antisemitism prejudice towards Jews
charter money in exchange for land
capital investing money
partnership merchants working together more money
bill of exchange put money in bank in exchange for a bill, give bill to another bank an you get your money, no money stolen
tenant farmers people who paid rent for their land or hired farm laborers
"Town Air Makes Free" you are a free serf after 1 year and 1 day
middle class between nobles and peasants (merchants, traders, artists)
usury lending money at interest
guilds merchants and artistans formed associations, pass laws and taxes
apprentice trainee to a master
journeymen guild members, often accused masters of keeping their wages low so they won't be able to open a competing shop
Created by: jaqil97