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Orthopedics Path Con

NHTC 12 Orthopedics Pathological Conditions

gouty arthritis caused by excessive uric acid in the body
scoliosis an abnormal sideward curvature of the spine, either to the left or right
talipes any of several deformities of the foot
lordosis an abnormal, inward curvature of a portion of the spine, commonly called swayback
bunion an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
subluxation a partial dislocation
strain trauma to the muscles and/or tendons from excessive use
osteoporosis a disorder characterized by abnormal loss of bone density
osteoarthritis a progressive, degenerative joint disease characterized by bone spurs and destruction of articular cartilage
sprain traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint characterized by pain, selling, and discoloration of the skin over the joint
Paget disease a skeletal disease of unknown cause, usually affecting the middle-aged and elderly, that is characterized by excessive bone destruction and unorganized bone repair
polymyositis chronic inflammation of a number of muscles simultaneously, usually accompanied by deformity, pain, edema, sweating, tension and insomnia
Lyme disease an acute, recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
muscular dystrophy a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of muscles without the involvement of the nervous system
gangloin a cyst that develops from the joint capsule or a tendon, usually in the wrist
Kyphosis an exaggeration of angulation in the normal posterior curve of the thoracic spine; also known as humpback or hunchback
rhabdomyosarcoma a highly malignant tumor derived from primitive, striated muscle cells
greenstick a fracture in which the bone is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children
compound a fracture with an external wound in the skin
comminuted a fracture in which the bone is broken or splintered into pieces
Created by: rmlgray