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Orthopedics Terms

NHTC 12 Orthopedics Medical Terms

cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium
lamin/o lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
rachi/o spine
spondyl/o vertebrae (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebrae (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
thorac/o chest
brachi/o arm
carp/o carpus (wrist bones)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
dactyl/o fingers, toes
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
acromi/o acromion (projection of the scapula)
metacarp/o metacarpus (hand bones)
phalang/o phalanges (bones of fingers & toes)
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
uln/o ulna (lower arm bone on thumb side)
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller, outer bone of the lower leg)
ili/o ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone)
ischi/o ischium (lower portion of the hip bone)
lumb/o loins (lower back)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
ped/i foot, child
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
pod/o foot
pub/o pelvis bone (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
tibi/o tibia (larger inner bone of the lower leg)
ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
condyl/o condyle (rounded protuberance at end of a bone that forms an articulation)
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
my/o muscle
rhabd/o rod shaped (striated)
fasci/o band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
dia- through, across
epi- above, upon
endo- in, within
peri- around
itis inflammation
ar pertaining to
desis surgical immobilization
malacia softening
al pertaining to
ectomy excision
algia pain
dys bad, painful, difficult
trophy development
sarc flesh
oma tumor
osteo bone
porosis porous
kyph hill, mountain
osis abnormal condition
lord curve, swayback
scoli crooked, bent
pathy disease
ic pertaining to, relating to
ectomy excision
ptosis prolapse
Created by: rmlgray