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Med Term Chapter 15

Physicians who treat bon and joint diseases orthopedists
physicians who specialize primarily in joint problems rheumatologist
process of bone formation ossification
bone cell that helps form bony tissue osteoblasts
bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue osteoclasts
how many various bones in the body 206
the end of a long bone is called epiphysis
middle region of a bone is called diaphysis
strong, fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the surface of long bones periosteum
layer of hard, dense bone that lies under the periosteum compact bone
trabecular bone or spongy bone, is much more porous and less dense cancellous bone
rounded, knuckle-like process at the joint condyle
opening for blood vessels and nerves foramen
name the 6 cranial bones frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, sphenoid, and ethmoid bone
name the 6 facial bones nasal, lacrimal, maxillary, mandibular, zygomatic, and vomer
What does L1 mean 1st lumbar vertebra
soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant fontanelle
supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone trabeculae
a swelling of the metatarsophalangeal joint near base of big toe bunion
bony growth(benign) arising from the surface of bone exostosis
example of exostosis bunion
bone is broken but there is no open wound in the skin closed fracture
bone is broken and protrudes out of skin compound or closed fracture
break appears near the wrist colles fracture
bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces comminuted fracture
bone collapses or is compressed compression fracture
bone is partially broken; breaks on one surface and bends on the other greenstick fracture
one fragment is driven firmly into the other impacted fracture
most common malignant tumor arising from osteoblasts osteosarcoma
softening of bone osteomalacia
inflammation of bone osteomyelitis
decrease in bone density osteoporosis
clubfoot talipes
sac of fluid near a joint bursa
connective tissue binding bones to other bones ligament
connective tissue that binds muscles to bones tendon
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily the spine ankylosing spondylitis
inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body gouty arthritis or gout
progressive, degenerative joint disease osteoarthritis
Chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain;caused by autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
What is another name for fever pyrexia
compression of median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist carpal tunnel
what is an example of subluxation spondylolisthesis
displacement of a bone from its joint dislocation
partial or incomplete dislocation subluxation
abnormal protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the spinal canal or spinal nerves herniation of an intervertebral disk
trauma to a joint without rupture sprain
injury involving the overstretching of a muscle strain
voluntary or skeletal muscle that move all bones striated muscle
involuntary or visceral muscles that move internal organs smooth muscle
striated in appearance but is like smooth muscle in its action cardiac muscle
the point of attachment of muscle to the stationary bone origin
point of junction of muscle to the bone that moves is called insertion
decreasing the angle between two bones flexion
increasing the angle between two bones extension
movement away from the midline of the body abduction
movement toward the midline of the body adduction
circular movement rotation
decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward and upward dorsiflexion
motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground plantar flexion
the act of turning the palm up supination
the act of turning the palm down pronation
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
EMG electromyography
IM intramuscular
RA rheumatoid arthritis
TMJ temporomandibular joint
chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and lungs systemic lupus erythematosus
removal of a vertebra to relieve compression on nerves laminectomy
abnormal condition of exaggerated anterior curvature lordosis
condition of high blood calcium hypercalcemia
abnormal condition of posterior curvature of the spine kyhposis
pertaining to the lower back lumbar
formation of bone marrow myelopoiesis
inflammation of bone osteoitis
formation of bone osteogenesis
abnormal condition of lateral curvature of the spine scoliosis
abnormal condition of vertebrae spondylosis
pertaining to the backbone vertebral
abnormal development of bone osteodystrophy
immature bone cell osteoblast
softening of bone osteomalacia
instrument to cut bone osteotome
forward slipping of a vertebra over a lower one spondylolisthesis
bone cell that breaks down bone to remove bone tissue osteoclast
abnormal condition of loss of bone tissue and decrease in bone mass osteoporosis
measurement of the dimensions of the pelvis pelvimetry
each end of a long bone epiphysis
bony benign growth arising from the surface of bone exostosis
rare, malignant tumor arising in bone; occurring in children ewing sarcoma
deficiency of bone; a precursor to osteoporosis osteopenia
inflammation of bone and bone marrow secondary to infection osteomyelitis
congenital abnormality of the hindfoot talipes
abnormal condition of blood in a joint hemarthrosis
narrowing of the spinal chord spinal stenosis
surgical repair of a joint arthroplasty
fusion, by surgery, of bones across a joint space arthrodesis
inflammation of a sac of fluid near the joint bursitis
specialist in diagnosing and treatment of arthritis rheumatologist
inflammation of connective tissue binding muscles to bones tendinitis
type of dwarfism achondroplasia
softening of cartilage chondromalacia
stiffness of a joint ankylosis
suture of a tendon tenorrhaphy
pertaining to the connective tissue that binds bones to bones ligamentous
progressive, degenerative disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone osteoarthritis
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily in the spine ankylosing spondylitis
trauma to joint ligaments without rupture sprain
an inherited condition in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation achondroplasia
chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs; butterfly rash on the face is typical systemic lupus erythematosus
enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe bunion
neuromuscular disorder causing weakness of voluntary muscles myasthenia gravis
shaft of a long bone diaphysis
the bones of a fetus are mainly composed of what kind of tissue fontanelle
Created by: srwiebe08