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Path Cond Cardiology

NHTC 9 Pathological Conditions Cardiology

hyperlipidemia excessive amount of lipids in the blood
myocardial infarction synonymous with heart attack
palpitations a pounding or racing of the heart
aneurysm a localized dilation, usually of an artery, due to a congenital defect or weakness in the vessel wall
thombus a blood clot that obstructs a blood vessel by attaching itself to the interior wall of a vein or artery
cardiomyopathy any disease that affects the structure and function of the heart
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein in conjunction with the formation of a thrombus that occurs most frequently in the lower leg
arrhythmia any deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat; also known as dysrhythmia
atherosclerosis the most common form of arteriosclerosis, marked by cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in arterial linings
coarctation a stricture (narrowing) or contraction of the walls of a vessel
septal defect an abnormal, usually congenital, defect in the wall separating the two chambers of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
embolus a blood clot, fatty plaque, or air bubble that travels through the bloodstream
hemostasis the termination of bleeding
varicose vein a twisted, dilated vein with incompetent valves
ischemia decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or organ
angina pectorus severe pain around the heart caused by a deficiency of oxygen supply to the heart muscle; pain or numbness typically radiates down the left arm
mitral valve prolapse condition in which a cusp or cusps of the mitral valve prolape into the left atrium during systole
fibrillation a type of arrhythmia characterized by rapid, inefficient, random contractions of the heart that disrupt the normal sinus rhythm and that may need a defibrillator to restore the heart's normal rhythm
congestive heart failure abnormal condition that reflects impaired cardiac pumping and can eventually lead to heart failure
Created by: rmlgray